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melisinwanderland.com10 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT: TEOTIHUACAN "THE CITY OF GODS" IN MEXICO CITY, MEXICO | Melis in Wanderland.Teotihuacan is one of the largest and most mysteries ancient city in the worlds’ history. It locates 30 miles away from the Mexico City in Mexico. You can directly take a bus from Mexico City’s bus terminal to the site; it takes about an hour to get there. Commuting is easy; there are other ways to get there beside the bus ride such as private tours, car rentals, air balloon tours for tourists. If you want to explore the ancient city before you go, here is a link for you: Map of The Teotihuacan Archaeologists from many countries have been trying to uncover the truth about how and why the giant city was built, by whom and most importantly why it abandoned. So far, there are few discoveries about the site, here is the list I thought you might like to know before you head to the Teotihuacan in Mexico City. Aztecs discovered the ancient city more than two hundred years before the Spanish conquest. When the Aztecs arrived in the town, they were confident that only God would have built this city, so they called it “The City of Gods.” According to some scientist, the town must be built within two hundred years, more two thousand years ago. But today it is still a mystery who created the city and what was the purpose. There are three main pyramids in the city; the pyramid of Sun is the largest pyramid among others and the third largest in the world. The Temple of the Feathered Serpent is the third largest pyramid in the city; it was mostly used for human sacrifice during its time by Aztecs. In the 1980s more than hundred victims’ bodies were found beneath the pyramids. In 2003, a hidden tunnel found under the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. The tunnel was sealed approximately eighteen hundred years ago, and it contained pottery, sculptures, jewelry, shells, and animal bones. The walls of the tunnel covered with the special powder made from metallic minerals that create a glittering effect in the dark. Later, the archeologist claimed that the tunnel used for religious ceremonies that were led by priests and the jewelry that found in the tunnel were offerings to God. The pyramid of Moon is the second largest pyramid in the city. In July 2017, archeologists discovered a new hidden tunnel under the pyramid of Moon. An archeologists are not sure what’s the tunnel used for, but human remains found at the burial site. Now, it is a big question whether or not this pyramid was used for human sacrifices as well. There is no evidence of who was the ruler of the Aztecs during their inhabitance. But the city was so powerful economically and politically due to an abundance of obsidian found nearby Pachuca that traded with other cities in Mesoamerica. The wealth of the town attracted more people each day, and at some point, it became hard to rule the whole city. The city was home to more than 150,000 Aztecs before they vanished. There is no evidence what happened to them and why they disappeared without leaving any trace. But only one thing is sure that the people of Teotihuacán had immigrated from different parts of the Mesoamerica. Some say that the people vanished because of the volcanic eruption near the Teotihuacan; the lavas from the volcano wiped of the live stocks, so people left because of starvation. Some claimed that they disappeared because of a brutal defeat in the battle. But most believe that there was an uprising against the ruler of the Teotihuacan by the people caused by a significant amount of unwanted sacrificial activities. There are paintings on the wall of apartments and archeologist think that the Aztecs may have a written language, but it has not been deciphered by anyone yet. Today the Teotihuacan is a UNESCO world heritage site and the most visited archaeological site in Mexico.1
moco-choco.com40 Rare and Important Archaeological Finds of all time - Moco-choco“The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there.” The past can be both shocking and familiar. It’s common to say that human nature never changes – but it’s still possible for archaeology to surprise us, by pulling things from the ground which transform our conception of the past. 1. Rosetta Stone A stele (or stela) is a stone tablet, usually taller in dimensions than it is wide. In ancient Egypt these were popular for commemorative us as after-life rituals. When one of them were accidentally rediscovered in 1799 by French team of archaeologists, it kick-started the modern era of treasure hunt and Egyptology – reiterating a decree issued nearly 2000 years ago (by King Ptolemy). The decree of Rosetta stone was passed in Ancient Greek, Hieroglyphic illustrations as well as Demotic. Re-purposed as a building material in Middle Ages, today it lies in a British Museum, following a 1801 invasion and conquest. 2. Dead Sea Scrolls For several years, historians believed in existence of biblical and extra-biblical documents, including lifestyle and early civilization guidelines by the Essenes, an ancient Jewish sect. The concrete proof arrived in the 1950s, when archaeologists uncovered priceless set of nearly a thousand …38