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history.house.govRepresentative Eliza Jane Pratt of North Carolina | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesOn this date, Eliza Jane Pratt became the first woman to represent North Carolina in the House of Representatives. A longtime legislative aide for four North Carolina Congressmen (William C. Hammer, Hinton James, J. Walter Lambeth, and William O. Burgin), Pratt developed a rapport with voters and an extensive knowledge of their legislative interests. When Burgin died during his fourth term in the House on April 11, 1946, the North Carolina Democratic executive committee debated only 30 minutes before nominating Pratt over six other candidates to run for the vacant congressional seat. Campaigning for the special election and paying all her own expenses, Pratt won a lopsided victory over Republican H. Frank Hulin. During her brief term, Pratt’s legislative knowledge enabled her to effectively manage her office and handle constituent requests. “With her background and training, Miss Pratt would make a worthy Congressman for years instead of a few months,” a Washington correspondent for Pratt’s hometown newspaper noted. Yet Pratt admitted she did not have the financial means to mount a campaign for a full term. After leaving Congress, Pratt served in a number of federal positions before returning to North Carolina. She lived in Wadesboro, North Carolina, until her death in Charlotte on May 13, 1981.
theparisreview.orgElias Khoury, The Art of Fiction No. 233INTERVIEWER What did you study in Paris? KHOURY I studied social history with Alain Touraine at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. I wrote my thesis on the Mount Lebanon civil war, the conflict ­between the Maronites and the Druze from 1840 to 1860. INTERVIEWER What led y...
history.house.govThe First News of House Business Submitted by Telegraph | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesOn this date, during the 28th Congress (1843–1845), the first news of House business was submitted by telegraph. Inventor, Samuel Morse—who, on the previous day, had sent the first ever telegraph signal from the Supreme Court Chamber (then located in the Capitol building) to demonstrate his invention—tapped a message to the Baltimore Patriot newspaper that the House had rejected going into the Committee of the Whole to discuss the establishment of the territorial government in Oregon. This first dispatch of congressional business via Morse’s invention opened a new era of congressional reporting. News outlets outside Washington, which typically relied on days-old reports delivered by local newspapers and “letter writers” posted in the galleries, marveled at the new instant communication. “Space is . . . annihilated,” announced the Baltimore magazine, Niles National Register. “By the time the result of the vote of congress is announced by the speaker, in the capitol, it is known at the Pratt street depot, in the city of Baltimore!” Morse began selling reports on congressional business to the Baltimore American newspaper for a penny per word.
history.house.govThe House Select Committee on Organized Crime | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesOn this date, the House Select Committee on Crime held hearings to investigate the involvement of organized crime in American sports. Congressman Claude Pepper of Florida—chairman of the 11-Member House select committee—oversaw the investigation which spanned several months during the 92nd Congress (1971–1973). The American people “have a right" to watch sports conducted on an even playing field, Pepper remarked earlier in the month. “But," as the Washington Post noted, "the sheer cash flow involved in illegal betting on those contests gives racketeers huge profits with which they may fix results to affect betting.” The series of highly publicized hearings focused on mafia ties to horse racing and included some celebrity witnesses such as singer Sammy Davis, Jr., and reputed mobster, Joseph “the Baron” Barboza. Barboza’s testimony elicited much attention from the press, especially for his assertion that entertainer Frank Sinatra was linked to the mafia. Sinatra, who later spoke before the committee, chastised Members for not refuting the allegations made against him. Held in the Cannon Caucus Room, many of the hearings were televised due to the great public interest. The committee report to the 93rd Congress (1973–1975), made public in June 1973, recommended federal sanctions for tampering with the outcome of horse races. “Fixed races have been discovered at both thoroughbred, or flat, tracks and harness raceways,” the report affirmed. “What has come to public attention, we fear, are only the most flagrant examples of a significant problem which the industry chooses not to face due to its misguided desire to protect the image of the sport.”
history.house.govThe Capitol's First Official Telegraph | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesOn this date, surrounded by an audience of Congressmen, inventor Samuel Morse sent the first official telegraph from the Supreme Court Chamber (then located in the Capitol) to his partner, Alfred Vail, in Baltimore. He tapped out the message “What hath God wrought?” using a system that sent out a signal in a series of dots and dashes, each combination representing one letter of the alphabet (what became known as “Morse code”). A few years earlier in February 1838, Morse, seeking a congressional appropriation to fund expansion of his research, performed the first public demonstration of his machine for Congress. The Chairman of the House Commerce Committee, Representative Francis O.J. Smith of Maine, was so impressed that he became one of Morse’s business partners and lobbied on Morse’s behalf. The inventor won a patent for his device, “The American Recording Electro-Magnetic Telegraph,” in 1840. By the 1880s, a commercial telegraph office opened in the Capitol building.
eventbrite.comHackaday | Belgrade 2018We are incredibly excited to announce the return of Hackaday Belgrade, a one day conference on Saturday, May 26th in Belgrade, Serbia. You will experience talks and workshops exploring the most interesting uses of technology and the culture that goes along with it. This includes design, prototyping, research, manufacturing, and the stories of people and progress that move hardware hacking forward. Demos, badge hacking, food and drink, DJ sets, and a warm and welcoming village of great people make this an event you don't want to miss. This will sell out, get your ticket now! Conference Events: We hosted Hackaday Belgrade for the first time in 2016 to an enthusiastic, sold-out hall. We are very excited to be doing it again, here's what we have in the works: Talks and Workshops will cover hardware, engineering, creativity in technical design, product design, prototyping, etc. run from 10am until 7pm. A complete schedule of events was announced at the end of April and can be found below. Badge Hacking goes all day and will be extended into the wee hours of the morning. Every attendee of Hackaday Belgrade will receive one of these amazing custom electronic Retro Computing badges. The badge demo presentations will take place at 11 pm. A Party with Two Stages will spin up with live IDM performances by Bogdan Rosu and Richard Hogben. With a live DJ Set beginning at 12 am. There's More: We're keeping the costs low to offset your travel costs. Belgrade is gorgeous in May, and getting there from other parts of Europe is very affordable. The cost of the admission includes the cost of the badge, as well as excellent food and drink during the conference and a party late into the night. Voja Antonic, who does amazing work with PCBs and badge designs, is the creator of this year's super retro badge. He's teaming up with Jaromir Sukuba who is creating the badge firmware/software. Both will be at the conference. Many of the Hackaday crew will be on hand and we’re likely to have a less-formal meetup on Friday evening. Check out the Hackaday | Belgrade planning page to discuss this and learn more about the conference as it comes together. Belgrade will be the hardware center of the Universe this May. See you in Belgrade! URL: https://hackaday.io/belgrade LOCATION: Dom omladine Beograda, Makedonska 22 // Belgrade // Serbia // Europe SPONSORS: Supplyframe | Seven Bridges COMPLETE SCHEDULE BELOW: Keynote: Jack of All Trades, Master of One Rachel Wong Session 1 Rachel Wong has two passions. In her spare time she designs and builds wearable electronics with an eye to a time when high-tech fashion will be commonplace. When at work she is a stem cell researcher, focusing on projects like growing human eyes. The resulting tissue can be used to give the blind sight, and is now in clinical trials. Success in this line of research will help pave the way for breakthroughs in the development of other organ tissue. Rachel will discuss her work in both wearables and stem cell technology, taking the audience along for a glimpse into the future. Building the Hackaday Belgrade Badge Voja Antonic and Jaromir Sukuba Session 2 The custom electronic badge for the Hackaday Belgrade Conference was conceived, designed, and manufactured specifically for this event. Join Voja Antonic, who designed the hardware, and Jaromir Sukuba, who designed the firmware, as they discuss the process of producing unique electronics on tight timelines. 5 Cases of Designing for Meaningful Hardware Vanessa Julia Carpenter Session 3 Five cases of hardware prototypes developed to explore what makes a meaningful experience are presented. From unusual sensors in jewellery, capacitive touch in Japanese craft, and a Bluetooth speaker / music creation interface, Vanessa extracts the qualities from each that move us towards creating experiences which help us to build identity and connect to ourselves and others. Vanessa asks engineers, hackers, makers, and inventors how can we create smart products with a focus on value over function? Designing PCBs with Code Kaspar Emanuel Session 2 Most engineers use EDA software to design circuits, but there are other ways. Kaspar has been exploring various tools and languages that allow you to use code rather than CAD software for your circuit design. If you have ever thought “I could easily solve this with a for-loop” when using KiCad or Eagle then this talk is for you. The overview and history speaks to programmers thinking about getting into designing circuits, anyone used to expressing their ideas with code, and those who enjoy learning different approaches to unique problems. Bitbanging is so 2017 (Fast Peripheral Control from Raspberry Pi and Friends) Matt Evans Session 2 There is a simple technique to output high-speed signals from a Raspberry Pi, with zero CPU overhead, in a slightly unexpected way. By re-purposing the Display Parallel Interface (DPI) video hardware, arbitrary control signals are output by writing patterns to the framebuffer. This is faster and lower-overhead than ‘bit banging’ IO ports in software. Matt will cover the concepts, give an example (and possibly demo) of driving a 64×64 RGB LED array, and discuss other potential uses. Blimps — Like a Drone But Won’t Take Your Head Off Sophi Kravitz Session 1 A blimp is a nonrigid airship used for advertising, scientific research… and fun! Sophi developed a mini-blimp to fly around the house, through hula-hoops, and to go to death battle with other mini-blimps. This mini-blimp features custom hardware bringing together motor controls, a power system, and an ESP8266 which talks to a giant red joystick. Since a mini-blimp is essentially some tiny fan motors propelling an oddly shaped balloon, it seemed like this would be an easy task. While developing her own mini-blimp, Sophi learned that making something that flies has a bunch of gotchas which she’ll detail during her presentation. Build your Acoustic Levitator at Home Asier Marzo Session 1 Acoustic Levitation uses the energy of sound to hold particles in mid-air without any physical contact. Acoustic levitation is not suited for supporting large mass like humans but, quite useful for manipulating small particles including liquids and powders. Levitated droplets of reagents are already being used in lab work during complex chemical reaction. Asier Marzo plans a live demonstrations to go along with this talk covering how to build an acoustic levitator with regular off-the-shelf components. Drone Assisted IoT Sensor Network Deployment and LoraWAN Coverage Mapping Luka Mustafa Session 1 Studying wildlife in remote areas to implement informed conservation strategies requires a simple and time-efficient method to build sensor networks covering vast inaccessible areas. As founder of the Institue IRNAS, Luka has developed animal trackers, static sensors, and drone automated signal coverage mapping methods across water and over tree-tops. In his talk he will present solutions and challenges encountered in projects involving Green Sea Turtles monitoring in Africa, and Arboreal monitoring in Peru. State of the Hackaday Mike Szczys Session 3 Hackaday Editor in Chief Mike Szczys takes the stage to discuss the past, present, and future of this amazing community. From Hackaday’s editorial voice to its celebration of new tricks and techniques, from weekly Hack Chats to monthly meetups, and from a global engineering initiative to a scholarly journal, Hackaday holds high the pursuit of knowledge and the free and open sharing of information and ideas. Mike looks at the common threads that bring us all together and make Hackaday the greatest engineering community on earth. Hacking Soldering Robot with Open Source Hardware Laptop TERES-I Tsvetan Usunov Session 3 What happens when industrial automation robots come with terrible UI and programming? Tsvetan takes on the challenge of improving a robot used for soldering plated through-hole (PTH) components. Improvement efforts included more sophisticated software, adding cameras to provide feedback, and hacking the communications protocol. Tsvetan will show just how good this automated soldering machine can become with the right alterations. Building a TTL Microcomputer Without a Microprocessor Marcel van Kervinck Session 2 Marcel designed and built a small 8-bits homebrew computer using a few dozen 1970s TTL chips, an oscillator, some RAM, an EPROM, and a handful of passives. The computer has similar capabilities as the microcomputers of the early 1980s and the first PCs, except that it has no brain; it is entirely driven by simple TTL logic, without the need for a microprocessor, a video card, or a sound chip. Marcel shares his experience including what went right and what went wrong along the way. Logic Noise: Hacking Music out of Digital Chaos Elliot Williams Session 2 Of course you could just take a beautiful-sounding instrument and simply play the right notes. But that’s taking the easy way out. Instead, this talk is about using basic logic ICs to build something musical or at least interestingly noisy, a tradition that’s as old as the 4000-series chips themselves. Elliot will demo a big handful of his favorite algorithms and circuits for composing in solder, and if all goes well, “music” will emerge. The Earliest Computer-Controlled Interactive Robotic Sculptures Aleksandar Zivanovic Session 3 Aleksandar explores some of the earliest truly interactive robotic sculptures, developed by Edward Ihnatowicz. His first sculpture, Sound Activated Mobile, used analogue electronics to turn to face the direction of sound and was exhibited at the Cybernetic Serendipity exhibition in 1968. His largest work, The Senster, was a hydraulically actuated, computer-controlled robot that turned to face visitors to the Evoluon in the Netherlands in 1970. Join in on a journey to the dawn of robotics as art. COMPLETE WORKSHOP DETAILS: Creating Art in PCB Brian Benchoff Session 1 This workshop will guide attendees through the process of creating art in PCBs. Topics covered will be the layer stackup of the modern PCB (copper, fiberglass, soldermask, and silkscreen), the current state-of-the-art using Chinese board houses, and how to implement graphics in PCB art using KiCad. Interactive Poetic Glove Lavoslava Benčić Session 2 In this e-textile workshop, participants will create a unique interactive wearable that generates sounds of various frequencies and responds to the touch (pressure). This includes learning about electronic elements and circuits with emphasis on the capacitive, conductive, and resistive properties of fabrics and yarns. FPGA Development 101 Miodrag Milanovic Session 3 This workshop will show the capabilities of FPGA devices, providing an introduction into FPGA tools used and the Verilog hardware description language. We will go through prepared examples and show the differences in approach when doing design for FPGA and MCU.
coolhunting.comMedusa's Depictions Through HistoryMedusa—a monster, a gorgon, a dangerous woman—with her snake hair, is an instantly recognizable subject throughout history. In art, fashion and pop culture, she has been portrayed in countless ways, but around 2,000 years ago Medusa got a makeover...
history.house.govCongressional Gold, Silver, and Bronze Medals Awarded to Byrd’s First Antarctic Expedition | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesOn this date, President Herbert Hoover signed legislation by which the 71st Congress (1929–1931) awarded Congressional Gold, Silver, and Bronze Medals to the members of Rear Admiral Richard Byrd’s first Antarctic expedition. After successfully completing a trip through the Arctic Circle, Admiral Byrd led the explorers to Antarctica in December 1928 setting up a camp, nicknamed “Little America,” on the Ross Ice Shelf. For two years, members of the expedition weathered the harsh Antarctic conditions, collecting mineral deposits and mapping from their aircraft more than 150,000 square miles of previously uncharted territory. The dangerous nature of his expeditions to both the arctic and Antarctica, as well as the knowledge gleaned from them, made Byrd's exploits “the wonders of our age,” noted Representative Clarence McLeod of Michigan. Acting on the congressional approval, the Navy Department held a competition to design the medal. Francis H. Packer of New York won the $1,000 prize when the Fine Arts Commission selected his design over 16 other proposals. The medal, measuring 2.5 inches in diameter and cast in three colors, bore the likeness of Admiral Byrd on the face with images of the expedition’s vessels on the back. An inscription, pulled from the legislation, praised the men for their “undaunted service in connection with the scientific investigations and extraordinary aerial explorations of the Antarctic continent.” At a total cost of $6,560, 81 people connected with the expedition were awarded medals: 65 were awarded gold, seven received silver medals, and nine received bronze.
history.house.govPatricia (Tish) Speed Schwartz | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives“Like most people, you really don’t know what committees do. And once I got on the committee, I was wide-eyed. I was so typical of what you see when you see interns, and I was just like, ‘Wow, is this great? Thank you.’ And I just fell into it. It was the one thing that kept me on the Hill, because pretty much every job I had prior to that was two years. You get bored, you get in a rut. You got the routine down. The fascination with the Hill was it was never a routine. And as soon as you thought you had it down, there was an election, there was a change. The policies changed, the world changed, everything changed. And your direction changed, and you were just going along for the ride. So, it was fascinating." — Patricia (Tish) Speed Schwartz, April 19, 2007
artreview.comOpen call for the 2018 International Awards for Art Criticism / ArtReviewThe fifth edition of the International Awards for Art Criticism (IAAC5) is now open to submissions. Applicants are to submit previously unpublished exhibition reviews, in Chinese or in English, before 23 September 2018. The winner of the first prize will receive 10,000€ (approx. £8,700) and a trip to Shanghai or London, and the three second-prize awardees €3,500 (approx. £3,000). The entries will be judged by an international jury, composed of Gao Minglu, critic and curator; Shen Yubing, distinguished professor of history and the philosophy of art, Fudan University and director of Zhejiang University Center for World Art Studies; Maria Fusco, writer and reader in interdisciplinary writing, Edinburgh College of Art; Jean-Marc Poinsot, founding president of the Archives de la critique d'art, editor of Critique d'art and Professor Emeritus, Université Rennes 2; Matthew Collings, artist, art critic, writer and broadcaster. For more details on how to apply, click here. Application forms can be found here 23 May 2018
history.house.govLINCOLN, Abraham | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesLINCOLN, Abraham, a Representative from Illinois and 16th President of the United States; born in Hardin County, Ky., February 12, 1809; moved with his parents to a tract on Little Pigeon Creek, Ind., in 1816; attended a log-cabin school at short intervals and was self-instructed in elementary branches; moved with his father to Macon County, Ill., in 1830 and later to Coles County, Ill.; read the principles of law and works on surveying; during the Black Hawk War he volunteered in a company of Sangamon County Rifles organized April 21, 1832; was elected its captain and served until May 27, when the company was mustered out of service; reenlisted as a private and served until mustered out June 16, 1832; returned to New Salem, Ill., and was unsuccessful as a candidate for the State house of representatives; entered business as a general merchant in New Salem; postmaster of New Salem 1833-1836; deputy county surveyor 1834-1836; elected a member of the State house of representatives in 1834, 1836, 1838, and 1840; declined to be a candidate for renomination; admitted to the bar in 1836; moved to Springfield, Ill., in 1837 and engaged in the practice of law; elected as a Whig to the Thirtieth Congress (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1849); did not seek a renomination in 1848; an unsuccessful applicant for Commissioner of the General Land Office under President Taylor; tendered the Governorship of Oregon Territory, but declined; unsuccessful Whig candidate for election to the United States Senate before the legislature of 1855; unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate in 1858; elected as a Republican President of the United States in 1860; reelected in 1864 and served from March 4, 1861, until his death; shot by an assassin in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1865, and died the following day; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, April 19-21, 1865; interment in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill.
theparisreview.orgAugust Wilson, The Art of Theater No. 14 August Wilson has been referred to (by Henry Louis Gates, Jr.) as “the most celebrated American playwright now writing, and . . . certainly the most accomplished black playwright in this nation’s history.” Earlier this fall the beneficiary of Mr. Gates’s praise was...
history.house.govCommunism in Hollywood | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesThis letter was written by Congressman Norris Poulson to Congressman J. Parnell Thomas on May 22, 1947. In it Poulson transmits a list of people who, according to screenwriter and movie critic Jack Moffitt, are members of the Communist Party. Representative Thomas served as Chairman of the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), which conducted investigations into alleged communist activities. Moffitt had recently testified before a HUAC subcommittee and may have provided the names to bolster his testimony. Moffitt likely wrote to Poulson because Poulson represented the district that included Los Angeles. A document accompanied Moffitt’s letter to Poulson, perhaps written by Moffitt himself that appears to be an anti-Communism screed intended to blacklist people in Hollywood.
history.house.govThe Kansas–Nebraska Act | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesOn this date, by a narrow vote of 113 to 100, the House of Representatives approved the Kansas–Nebraska Act. The act repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, undercut the Compromise of 1850, and greatly complicated hopes for a peaceful resolution to the problem of balancing the ratio of free and slave states in the U.S. Congress. Proponents favored the bill because it offered the territories “popular sovereignty”—giving voters a choice of determining free or slave status—instead of using the geographical boundary line set by the Missouri Compromise. Representative Alexander Stephens of Georgia revived the legislation, which had been delayed in the Committee of the Whole for months. On May 22, opponents brought 14 motions to adjourn the House before the vote on the bill could take place. After the vote Stephens wrote, “I feel as if the Mission of my life was performed.” The law precipitated violent unrest in the Kansas Territory and deepened abolitionist fervor in the northern states.