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forbes.comAnthony Bourdain's Lasting Influence On Food Trends And InnovationAnthony Bourdain inspired innovation across the food and beverage industry, if for no other reason than espousing a practice of always trying, always being non-judgmental, always being game for new food and beverage experiences.
history.house.govHYMAN, John Adams | US House of Representatives: History, Art & ArchivesWhile in bondage, John Adams Hyman repeatedly broke laws prohibiting his education so he could learn to read and write, and as a result, was sold at least eight times. After his emancipation, Hyman sought with equal determination to become the first black U.S. Representative from North Carolina. Though the shy legislator made no speeches on the House Floor, a letter to Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, written in 1872, demonstrated his eloquence. “If [an African American] is a man,” Hyman declared, “he is entitled to all the rights and privileges of any other man. There can be no grades of citizenship under the American flag.”1 Born into slavery near Warrenton, North Carolina, on July 23, 1840, John Adams Hyman is believed to have been a child of Jesse Hyman, a slave.2 Starting in his early twenties, John Hyman was a janitor for a Warrenton jeweler. Hyman later noted that he was treated like “chattel, bought and sold as a brute.”3 When he gained his freedom in March 1865, Hyman returned to Warrenton, where he became a farmer and opened a country store. He also became a trustee of the first public school in his area. Hyman married and had two sons and two daughters. The names of his immediate family members are not known.4 Upon his return, Hyman became active in the movement to secure political rights for North Carolina blacks. At age 26, he served on two committees at the state’s Freedmen’s Convention, including the committee on invitations, an important panel whose purpose was to encourage the attendance of influential politicians and to raise awareness about the convention.5 Hyman also served as a delegate to the March 1867 Republican State Convention, and as the registrar for northern Warren County, recruiting emancipated voters. In November 1867, Hyman was elected to the Warren County delegation to the North Carolina constitutional convention, which met in Raleigh the following January. Hyman was one of 15 black delegates in the 133–member body. In 1868, he won election to the state senate where he served for six years. From this seat, Hyman wrote U.S. Senator Charles Sumner in support of his Civil Rights Bill.6 He also opposed President Andrew Johnson’s leniency toward ex–Confederates and strongly advocated requiring states to ratify the 14th Amendment before being readmitted to the Union. Hyman voted against impeaching Republican Governor William Holden in 1872 for ordering the arrest of Ku Klux Klan members suspected of lynching and terrorizing the state’s black population. In the senate, which was divided over how to resuscitate North Carolina’s postwar economy, Hyman deflected Conservatives’ and Democrats’ charges that he accepted bribes from railroad lobbyists. Most members of the penitentiary committee, on which Hyman served, were caught up in this scandal.7 Hyman’s hometown of Warrenton was in the northern section of the “Black Second” district, the only safe Republican district after gerrymandering by the Democratically controlled North Carolina legislature. The “Black Second” stretched from Warren County, adjacent to the Virginia border, and hooked around to coastal Craven County.8 The earliest reliable census, taken in 1880, showed that the populations of three of the district’s 10 counties were more than two–thirds black. All the counties in the district had populations that were at least 45 percent black. In 1872, white Republican Charles R. Thomas, a pre–Civil War Whig, sought a third congressional term in the reapportioned district, but newly powerful African–American politicians in the “Black Second” demanded that a freedman run for Congress. Hyman challenged Thomas for the nomination—embittering many white Republicans and opening racial fissures in the party—but lost at the May 1872 district convention. However, black voters remained loyal to the party of the emancipators, and Thomas handily defeated his Democratic opponent in the general election. Yet Thomas’s term in the 43rd Congress (1873–1875) was minimally successful and marred by political blunders. Seven candidates, including Hyman and African–American state representative James O’Hara, challenged the weakened incumbent at the 1874 district convention.9 The early ballots taken at the convention saw the votes split evenly among the candidates—each county cast one vote for its favored contender—but after a series of negotiations among the candidates, Hyman prevailed on the 29th ballot. Realizing their redistricting efforts had opened the door for North Carolina’s first black Representative, white supremacist Democrats frantically sought a viable last–minute challenger. The success of their candidate, George W. Blount, depended on the chance that ever–growing racial divisions in the Republican Party would prevent white Republicans from voting for Hyman.10 Opposition newspapers emphasized that Hyman lacked the support of white Republican leaders, as evidenced by the candidacy of white Independent Republican Garland White. The Democratic press also spread the rumor that white Republicans were bribing Hyman not to run.11 Yet Hyman emerged victorious, taking 62 percent of the vote.12 Blount contested Hyman’s election. His chief complaint was that the phrase “Republican Congressional Ticket” at the top of Hyman ballots persuaded many voters who were barely literate to vote for him.13 On August 1, 1876, a Democratic House unanimously agreed that Hyman was entitled to the seat.14 Upon his arrival for the 44th Congress (1875–1877), Hyman was assigned to the Committee on Manufactures. For the first time in nearly two decades, the Republicans found themselves in the minority, and Hyman’s committee assignment had little significance for his agricultural district. A quiet man who preferred behind–the–scenes politics, Hyman made no speeches on the House Floor. Instead, he submitted private bills and petitions on behalf of the poor in his district and state.15 He sponsored a bill authorizing the Treasury Department to build a lighthouse at Gull Rock on North Carolina’s Pamlico Sound and introduced legislation to compensate constituents for financial losses incurred during the Civil War. He joined others from the North Carolina delegation in seeking relief for Cherokee Indians resettled in the West. A loyal Republican, he cast a noteworthy “nay” vote against restricting President Ulysses S. Grant to two terms. (Though a formal term limit for Presidents did not yet exist, the resolution determined that a chief executive should step down after two terms based on the precedent established by President George Washington.) Hyman was one of only 18 dissenting Members, as many Republicans defected.16 Hyman attempted to protect his black constituents by introducing a bill to reimburse the depositors of the failed Freedmen’s Bank, but it never made it out of committee. As racial divisions widened in the state’s Republican Party, former North Carolina Reconstruction Governor Curtis Brogden began mustering support to defeat Hyman for the Republican nomination in the spring of 1876. By the following July, Brogden’s supporters were so confident he would be nominated, many did not attend the district convention, though Brogden himself arrived at the convention site several days early.17 Brogden’s small but powerful force convinced some of Hyman’s lieutenants—white and black—of Brogden’s superiority, and the former governor won on the ninth and deciding ballot.18 Deflecting rumors he would run as a third–party candidate, Hyman threw his support behind his rival. Winning the general election by a wide margin, Brogden took his place as the only Republican in the state’s new congressional delegation.19Hyman returned to his farm in Warrenton, where he also ran a grocery and liquor store. He briefly served as a special deputy internal revenue collector for the Rutherford B. Hayes administration, but political pressure from the North Carolina Republican Party kept him from fully assuming his post.20 In 1878, he again ran for Congress, losing the nomination to James O’Hara. Hyman served as a steward and Sunday school superintendent for the Warrenton Colored Methodist Church. As the temperance movement took hold in North Carolina, he was expelled from the church on charges of selling alcoholic beverages and embezzling Sunday school funds. Hyman left Warrenton, moving to Washington, DC, and later to Richmond, Virginia. In 1887, he returned to Warrenton with renewed political ambitions, but he failed to obtain a congressional nomination in 1888. The winner, black candidate Henry Cheatham, eventually reclaimed the “Black Second.” Shortly thereafter, Hyman defected from the Republican Party after agreeing to encourage blacks to vote for district Democrats in exchange for minor political posts.21 Returning north, Hyman worked as a mail clerk’s assistant in Maryland for 10 years before moving back to Washington, DC, in 1889, where he took a position in the Department of Agriculture’s seed dispensary.22 John Hyman died at home of a stroke on September 14, 1891.
kegerators.comPortable 128 oz. Draft Beer Mini Keg DispenserThe 128 oz. Draft Beer Mini Keg Dispenser is portable draft keg system. The 8-Pint is perfect for the beverage enthusiast and home brewers alike. Fill it with your favorite beverage or mixed drink like sodas, beer, mimosas, spritzers and mixed drinks.1
lordbyronskitchen.comFrosted Pumpkin Puree Bundt Cake - Lord Byron's KitchenJump to Recipe Print RecipeSuper moist, and deliciously pumpkin flavoured, Frosted Pumpkin Puree Bundt Cake is a perfect autumn dessert. Pair this cake with your favourite hot beverage for a delightful chilly afternoon indulgence! Pumpkin is in the air! Everything…1
genevanaturals.comBoosting Collagen in Your FaceHave you caught yourself staring in the mirror noticing every fine line or wrinkle that didn’t seem to be there only days before? You and nearly every other adult male and female over the age of 40 starts to notice the signs of aging and asks themselves, “How can I stop this?” Well, can you? You may not be able to stop aging, but there are definitely some things you can do – some more extreme than others – to slow down the signs of it. The difference between someone who shows the signs of aging and someone who doesn’t comes down to one main factor and that is how much collagen they have in their skin. Read on to learn how to boost collagen in your face! What is collagen and why do I need it? Unless you want to have skin like an 80 year old at the age of 20, collagen is a very important protein that is found in connective tissues like muscles, bones, fat, blood vessels, ligaments, tendons and digestive system. It makes up 70% of your skin’s overall protein. Elastin is another protein found in the body in places that contract, like our lungs and arteries. Elastin has one distinguishing characteristic – it has the ability to snap back into place and maintain the original shape. These two proteins, collagen and elastin, work as a team. Working together, they give skin its definitive texture and shape making it not only appear more youthful, but stronger as well. Some people refer to it as skin elasticity, but the reality is that this protein which makes up 30% of the protein in your whole body provides many benefits, specifically to hair, nails and skin. So the difference between someone in their 20s and someone in their 80s is somewhere around 4 times the amount of collagen in their skin. There are several factors that contribute to the decline in collagen production, so it’s important to be more aware of these things and recognize small changes you can make to reduce them: Hormonal changes Drugs Overwork Processed foods Radiation Too much sun Dehydration Aging Alcohol Sugar Trauma Fluoride water Stress Poor gut health Nutritional deficiencies Hydrogenated oils Boost Your Collagen Naturally The reality is there are many things that slow down the production of collagen and aging, but only a few things you can do to minimize these signs and keep your skin looking youthful: limit the amount of time in the sun, get more sleep and improve overall nutrition. These aren’t things you can really buy in the store -- they require action! And while many in the beauty industry capitalize on the fact that everyone ages and nearly no one likes it, most of what you see in stores is another way for the skin care companies to profit from our vanity. Consider these 8 ways to take ownership of your skin’s collagen naturally and BOOST, BOOST, BOOST: 1. Exfoliate Generally, you are encouraged to exfoliate to help remove dead skin, but it also stimulates collagen production. With a gentle exfoliator, scrub your skin in a circular motion. Be sure to follow up with a moisturizer to prevent dryness. 2. Vitamin C Supplements Vitamin C helps boost our body’s collagen production. The recommended dose is 500mg a day. You can also ramp up your Vitamin C intake by eating citrus fruits, kiwi, broccoli and spinach. 3. Facial Massage Schedule an appointment with your favorite esthetician. Facial massage can help boost collagen production. If you prefer to do the massage yourself, choose your favorite moisturizer and gently massage into the skin in circular motions, avoiding the eyes. Check out these Face Massage Tips from Kristen Ma, esthetician and author of "Beauty, Pure and Simple." 4. Wear Sunscreen This is not the first time you’ve been given this advice and this time, it’s not coming from your mother. Sun rays can be extremely damaging to the cells in our skin which can cause irreversible damage. To reduce sun damage, wear an SPF 20 or higher. Apply the sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outside. If you’re in the market for a new moisturizer containing SPF, this daily moisturizer is a great option to add to your skin care regimen. 5. Avoid Cigarette Smoke Not only is smoking bad for our lungs, but it’s also bad for our skin. Inhaling cigarette smoke creates a damaging enzyme referred to as matrix metalloproteinases. These particular enzymes will permanently damage the collagen in our skin – it is irreversible. Find the best course of action for you to quit smoking and avoid being around second hand smoke, as well. 6. Avoid Alcohol There are studies out there that talk about the benefits of drinking alcohol, but there are certainly negative side effects. Alcohol can dry out our skin causing it to become dehydrated. Too many alcoholic beverages speed up the aging process and interfere with your body’s natural collagen production. 7. Aloe Vera This can be applied directly to the skin to sooth sunburn or as a mild daily moisturizer. Taken orally, aloe vera can significantly increase hyaluronic acid and collagen development. 8. Eat the Right Foods What your body really needs to boost collagen are the right foods. Changing the way you eat, introducing some new foods and eliminating some bad ones can greatly improve the collagen in our skin which slows down the signs of aging and allows our healthy, glowing skin to be what we see in the mirror. Here are some foods that increase collagen: Soy Products Soymilk and cheese contain genistein. Genistein is what gives soy products their collagen production qualities. It also helps to block enzymes that are known to break down the skin and speed up the process of aging. Soy products are a great substitute for meat products if you’re a vegetarian, but also a great compliment to improving the overall youthfulness of our skin. Red fruits and vegetables The presence of lycopene in red fruits and vegetables act as an antioxidant, which increase the production of collagen. Beets, tomatoes, red peppers – even sweet potatoes and carrots help create and extra UV layer of protection which helps to reduce the signs of aging. Prunes One of the major contributors to skin aging is the abundance of free radicals. They break down the skin tissue making it unhealthy and unable to sustain its collagen production. The antioxidants in prunes help to minimize these free radicals before it can do significant damage. Blueberries are another great source for antioxidants. Omega Acids Common in fish like salmon and tuna, omega fatty acids help to create an ideal environment for collagen to develop. Cashews, almonds and pecans are another source that contain omega fatty acids in quantities significant to collagen production. Beans 2 tablespoons of beans a day provides an effective anti-aging ingredient called hyaluronic acid to boost collagen production for healthier, more youthful looking skin. Dark green vegetables You’ve always been told to eat your vegetables, but now you have another reason: collagen. Dark leafy vegetables like kale, asparagus, collards, spinach and cabbage are packed with lutein, a type of antioxidant which help improve overall skin hydration and elasticity. Chocolate Did someone say chocolate? That’s right! While the sugary stuff may not be the best when trying to control breakouts, it’s actually dark chocolate that is really good for our skin. Eating dark chocolate increases the flow of blood to the skin and helps our body in its efficiency of collagen production. See? There are definitely justifiable benefits of dark chocolate! Avocado Oil There are some amazing benefits to using avocado oil in our daily skin care regimen. One of them is that it helps boost our body’s collagen making. It also helps to reduce the appearance of red spots or age spots. Use it on your face as a moisturizer and start eating more avocados in your diet. Manuka Honey Manuka honey has been proven to help renew skin cells. It also helps our bodies to produce stronger, healthier collagen. It can be eaten by the tablespoon as a daily health supplement. It is also commonly used to make face masks - try out this recipe from Holistic Habits! Turkey The protein carnosine slows down the process of cross-linking, or fibers growing into the collagen making it inelastic and stiff. Eat turkey two or three times a week to boost carnosine and strengthen collagen. Flaxseed The higher the intake of healthy fat omega -3 found in flaxseed, the stronger the fat layer is that protects your skin cells. Plumper skin cells help disguise fine lines and wrinkles. Rose hips This oil contains high levels of Vitamin C, not to mention vitamin E, vitamin D, and vitamin B-carotene. This makes rosehip oil a natural plant extract that can help improve your skin's collagen supply. By introducing some of these foods into your diet or increasing the amount of intake of foods you are already eating, you will be adding the necessary ingredients to strengthen your skin, ramp up collagen production and be on your way towards smooth, fresh, younger looking skin. Anti-Aging Collagen Methods If you’re looking to take more significant measures that boast more immediate results, there are some options your favorite aesthetician can tell you about. Here are 5 things you could try: 1. Dermal fillers Derived from different sources. They are injected in to the skin at various points to fill space that has overtime developed the signs of aging. Dermal fillers are often used on smile lines around your mouth, fine lines and wrinkles on your forehead or near your eyes. These fillers are not permanent, but do have more immediate results once the healing process is complete. 2. Laser stimulation Series of treatments that remove the outermost layer of the skin. Using light or laser, these treatments improve skins texture, laxity and appearance of wrinkles. 3. Chemical peels Another way to treat the skin and improve overall clarity and youthfulness. Chemical peels trigger the renewal of healthy, younger looking skin and enhances collagen production. 4. Hormone Replacement Therapy More common in women after they’ve experienced menopause. Many women are affected by the decrease in estrogen, which has a significant effect on the skin. This treatment has been proven effective, but should be considered carefully. There are also side effects to be discussed with your healthcare professional. 5. Radiofrequency stimulation Specifically targeted at the dermal layers and protects the stimulation of collagen renewal. Technology has improved over time to optimize benefits without pain. Also known as the non-invasive facelift, it uses heat to plump the skin and initiate the process of collagen development. DIY Treatments For those of you looking for a more natural approach, consider these recipes for DIY face mask treatments that can be made using many common kitchen ingredients to improve your skin's collagen production abilities. Pumpkin-Yogurt Collagen Facial 1 can pumpkin puree ¼ cup plain yogurt ¼ cup honey ¼ cup ground almonds Olive oil Mix the ingredients together with a drizzle of olive oil. Apply gently to the skin. Allow mask to remain for 10 minutes then rinse with warm water. Follow up with favorite facial moisturizer. Leave–On Collagen Treatment 1 cup water 2 tablespoons fresh pineapple juice 1 vitamin C tablet Gently heat the ingredients in a saucepan on low heat until fully dissolved. Allow to cool completely in refrigerator. Apply to clean skin using a cotton ball. No need to rinse. Avocado Face Mask 1 ripe avocado 1 carrot, boiled until tender ½ cup heavy cream 3 tablespoons honey Mash together the avocado and carrot in a small bowl. Slowly stir in the heavy cream and honey. Apply mixture gently to your face and allow to sit for 10-15 minutes. Rinse with warm water. Collagen–Boosting Exfoliating Mask 1 kiwi, peeled and mashed 3 tablespoons sugar Combine kiwi and sugar in a small bowl and apply to your face in a circular motion, avoiding the eyes. Rub for 30 seconds, then rinse with warm water. Follow up with your favorite facial moisturizer. Refreshing Collagen Mask 1 peach, peeled and pureed 3 tablespoons Greek yogurt Mix puree and yogurt. Spread mixture onto clean skin. Wait approximately 20 minutes before rinsing with warm water. And apply your favorite facial moisturizer to complete the process. 2 Minute Face Lift 1 egg white 2 teaspoons lemon juice Combine egg white and lemon juice. Run mixture on face avoiding the eyes and leave for 2 minutes. Rinse face with cool water and apply favorite facial moisturizer. Aging is one of those things that no matter how hard we try, it’s going to continue to happen whether we like it or not. By implementing some of these strategies, changing your lifestyle and eating habits and doing what you can to amplify your body’s production of collagen, you can start to see the small, but significant signs that your efforts are not in vain. That while our skin's collagen production is going to decrease with age, we can at least do our part to slow it down giving us the best possible scenario for healthier, smoother, younger looking skin.1