The Inaugural Fantasy Energy League’s Official Draft Preview: Game On!In early December, I put out a call to the online energy professionals community to find participants in the world's first Fantasy Energy League. Perhaps I saw the pending end of the 2018 fantasy football season and I wanted something to fill the void, or maybe I was just curious to see who else wanted to approach energy projections from a gamified lens. Either way, I put out my energy-industry bat signal for the Fantasy Energy League only to see my inbox and Twitter feed blow up. People seemed really excited for this idea, and before I knew it I had a full league of 14 teams who were already talking smack (not trash-- this crowd is one committed to minimizing waste) to each other on social media! [caption id=attachment_2894 align=alignnone width=767] Source: Twitter[/caption] So, this article will present a draft preview laying out the exact format and unveiling the teams involved. And even if you're too late to officially join this first season of the Fantasy Energy League, then you can follow along, think about what choices you would make, and see how you'd compare with the teams who are actually participating. Without further ado, let's pump up the high-energy Jock James and get started! (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); League Rules I outlined the general expected rules under which the league would operate in my initial article, but those rules have been refined a bit based on conversation with league members, so they warrant a review. Season 1 of the Fantasy Energy League will center on EIA's State Carbon Emissions Data, an annually released set of data that provides measures of CO2 emissions in each state (and DC) broken out by sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric power). [caption id=attachment_2895 align=alignnone width=1428] Source: EIA[/caption] Each participating team will assemble a roster of five state/sector combinations (e.g., California's transportation sector could be one and New Jersey's commercial sector could be another), and the goal of these picks will be for their roster to demonstrate the greatest decrease in overall carbon emissions from the data released in October 2018 (which represents 2016 emissions) to the data that will be released in October 2019 (representing 2017 emissions). A few restrictions will make this a bit trickier though: Each state/sector combination can only be selected by one team, so once the New Jersey commercial sector is selected by one team then it's off the table for the others (with 14 teams participating, teams will quickly have to get cleverer than just selecting California or other populous states); Each team must have a representative from each of the five sectors in their five total selections (there's no loading up on just one sector that you thought had a great amount of emissions reductions from 2016 to 2017, each pick will be from a different sector); and No team can have more than one sector of a single state (again, this rule will force teams to be a bit creative and strategic in their selections). After some feedback, the Fantasy Energy League will also implement the following wrinkles: Trading Period For a period of two weeks after the conclusion of  the draft, teams will have the ability to conduct trades. Final rosters after a trade need not follow the previous restrictions, meaning teams can trade to end up with multiple state/sector combinations that full under the same state or the same sector. If any teams want to get so creative as to trade an uneven amount of state/sector combinations (e.g., completing a 2-for-1 where one team ends up with six state/sector combinations and the other ends up with four) then that will be allowed as well. But the end goal remains for the total aggregate emissions of a team's rostered state/sectors to drop the greatest amount from one year to the next. Wildcard Percentage Factor Some participants expressed interest in incentivizing the picking of states that make great strides in percentage reduction rather than just absolute reductions. Doing so allows for a deeper dive into dark-horse candidate small states that don't have the opportunity for as large of an absolute decrease. To prompt such selections, there will be a percentage decrease wildcard factor! *Cue game show noises and flashing lights* What this means is that the state/sector from each team that sees the greatest percentage drop in emissions from one year to the next will represent that team's wildcard percentage factor that will inflate their final score. For example, the greatest percentage drop of any state/sector from 2015 to 2016 was New Hampshire's electric power sector dropping from 3.5 million metric tons of CO2 to 2.4 million metric tons, a 32% decrease. If a team had New Hampshire electric power (a small sector selection in absolute terms) on their roster and their team's aggregate emissions reductions were 4.0 million metric tons, then their percentage wildcard factor of 32% would boost their final rating by 32% for a final score of 5.3 million metric tons. That way teams are encouraged to find these hidden gems, but they mustn't forget that the goal of climate policy is to reduce total aggregate emissions. [caption id=attachment_2896 align=alignnone width=519] Source: Obama White House[/caption] Through these selections, teams will essentially be selecting states based on their assessment of how certain energy policy measures, market trends, or technological developments in different states across the country from 2016 to 2017 successfully minimized carbon emissions. As such, the true intrigue of this Fantasy Energy League is to see how different teams value different measures intended to reduce carbon emissions as a sort of referendum on optimal actions to fight climate change. Participating Teams As I noted, we had some immediate interest and jockeying for who will be the favorites to take home the Inaugural Fantasy Energy League title. We have teams rolling seven players deep and others competing as individuals. There are representatives from industry, academia, VCs, and non-profits. Participants stretch from coast to coast. While there's a mix of teams who have previous fantasy sports experience vs. those for whom this competition will be their first foray into that world, notably all teams boast impressive background in the energy field. Let's look at the 14 participating teams to see who they are, where their minds are with this process, and where some natural rivalries might develop... [caption id=attachment_2897 align=alignnone width=720] Source: Konnect Africa[/caption] 1. Energy Innovation Energy Innovation, captained by Silvio Marcacci and anchored by Robbie Orvis and Mike O'Boyle, was the first team lining up at the door to participate and were instrumental in generating some of the online excitement to make this experiment possible. However, it's not that but their organization's deep knowledge of the effects of climate policy (check out my review of the book they recently put out, Designing Climate Solutions, if you don't believe me) that could have them considered heavyweights in this competition. 2. Emission Impossible III: Carbon Protocol If team names are indicative of the strength of a team, then this unbiased Fantasy Energy League commissioner might have to consider this group another favorite. If that wasn't enough, though, captain Adam James and team members Shayle Kann and Andy Lubershane also have clean energy credits that precede them. Given the new wrinkles to the rules came from Adam, I'm eager to see what sort of gaming of the system this team seeks out to try and win it all. 3. Electrowinning Electrowinning is captained by Justin Guay and rounded out by Justin Gerdes, Matt Baker, and Sonia Aggarwal. Justin was a key member in some of the aforementioned Twitter smack talk, so I'd suggest keeping an eye on this team fro how they might try to throw other teams off and sneak ahead. 4. CELI Next, we have a deep-benched team team representing the Clean Energy Leadership Institute, specifically with alum from the Washington DC area, one of the two cities (the other being San Francisco) in which the CELI program has established itself and sought to educate the next generation of clean energy leaders. Mary Shoemaker will captain this team, along with Chase Counts, Mishal Thadani, CeCe Coffey, David McPherson, Gabriel Gordon-Harper, and Amory Fischer. 5. Powerhouse Powerhouse is a venture fund for clean energy, but its entry represents the first of our teams taking on the challenge of the Fantasy Energy League as an individual decision maker rather than a full team, with Zach Rizk carrying the torch for Powerhouse on his own. Will fewer cooks in the kitchen lead to greater success? 6. Dan Meleras Dan Meleras takes the individual competing against full teams even further, proudly standing behind his name as his team's moniker itself. You must think other teams will see this bravado and confidence and be quaking in their boots. 7. GridLab GridLab is a team captained by Taylor McNair and completed with Ric O'Connell. This self-described dynamic duo is behind GridLab, a non-profit that supports advocates and policymakers on technical grid issues. While carrying a head amount of energy expertise, this team notes that they're in Energy Innovation's office enough that they might be able to grab an advantageous sneak peek into their data and draft strategy. Might SpyGate leak from the NFL into the Fantasy Energy League? As commissioner, I'll have to keep an eye on this... 8. New Energy Equity New Energy Equity LLC is the nation's leading end-to-end solar development and finance specialist company, and this group also seeks to prove its value by taking this competition by storm. Captain Steven Chan and his team, consisting of Kevin Corcoran, Jessica Krawczyk, Jack Levenson, Richard Clayton, John Langhus, Dean Eastlake, and Bakary Coulibaly, are surely not short on fire power. But will this melding of the mind spell success for the team? PS-- speaking of smack talk, this team did send a personal message in their pre-draft survey for Emission Impossible III: Carbon Protocol: We love being the underdogs and we're never afraid of a little competition. Shayle Kann-- big fan, also you're going down! 9. The Windy City Steven Brisley is competing as an individual, but he hopes to evoke Da Bears of 1985 and Da Bulls of the 90s to make Chicago proud. With so many iconic sports figures in his hometown, can Steven properly channel them and bring home a championship of his own? 10. This CO2 Shall Pass Another candidate for best name, in my humble opinion, comes from Gilbert Michaud who will be competing as an individual. He is a college professor studying energy policy who is participating as an individual. He is a college professor studying energy policy who is participating in this league to get involved with fellow energy wonks and to feed his thirst for competition. In terms of his competitors, Professor Michaud sees some big fish across the league in Emission Impossible III: Carbon Protocol, CELI, and Rocky Mountain Institute, but as our academic field representative and a fantasy sports nut in his own right he might be the intimidating competitor other teams should far. 11. Kiterocket Renewables When establishing herself for the Fantasy Energy League draft, Deborah Knuckey of Kiterocket Renewables championed that any proper climate policy needs marketing and PR expertise, which she hopes will carry her to victory. In her own words, Deborah is an energy geek and author running a team of great renewable marketers and was drawn to this competition as another in many efforts to envision the future and visualizing good energy policy. While she claims she's just here to make the other teams look good, might she emerge as a dark horse candidate to take the title? 12. ELECTRIFIED Planes, Trains, and Automobiles This team, captained by Matt Stephens-Rich and rounded out by Zach McGuire and Marie McConnell, is made up of workers behind the Smart Columbus program that deploys smart technology in transportation and rapid electric vehicle adoption. Based on their background and team name, you'd better believe they have an eye on the transportation sector as one of their early picks. Whether or not tipping that off to their opponents plays out for them, we'll just have to wait and see. 13. Rocky Mountain Institute Another venerable name in the energy and environment communities, Rocky Mountain Institute throws its hat int he ring via captain Leia Guccione. This team plans to come out swinging, noting their team holds both fantasy football championships and renowned energy-forecasting clout, while they're also no strangers to competitive side-wagers or social media smack talk (privately calling out Energy Innovation and GridLab as their prime targets). While the prestige and reputation of RMI be enough to keep down some of the upstarts and individuals vying for the same goal? 14. Clarion Energy Women in Power A late entry in this contest may take the other competitors by surprise, but Clarion Energy Women in Power-- captained by Jenn Runyon-- seeks to show that it's better late than never to sweep in and take what's theirs. [embed][/embed] Source: Tenor Kicking Off Next Steps The next step is to complete the draft, which will take place over email during the week of January 21 and will last as long as it takes each team to fill out its roster. After the teams are selected, I’ll publish a follow up article reviewing how the draft went and allowing the world to see the selections. At that point, the real debate can begin within the participating teams and from outside watchers to weigh in on who drafted the best (and, well…we have a lot of really smart people participating, but someone’s got to come in last!) So, what do you think, energy community? Do you see any favorites among the participants? Any colleagues that you’re rooting for? Be sure to let me and them know in the comments and on Twitter! (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); If you enjoyed this post and you would like to get the newest posts from the Chester Energy and Policy blog delivered straight to your inbox, please consider subscribing today.  To read more insights into the energy industry, see this state-by-state analysis of the U.S. energy mix,  this post on the U.S. Wind Turbine Database, and this article on how split incentives create issues in the energy field.   About the author: Matt Chester is an energy analyst in Washington DC, studied engineering and science & technology policy at the University of Virginia, and operates this blog and website to share news, insights, and advice in the fields of energy policy, energy technology, and more. For more quick hits in addition to posts on this blog, follow him on Twitter @ChesterEnergy.
Parmesan Dijon ChickenI started making this recipe shortly after my husband and I started dating, so it has a huge place in my heart/comfort place. This really was one of the absolute first things we ever made together. He picked his favorite meal the first time, and the second one was mine, which was this dish right here. Very quickly, it became a staple in our meal rotations and has remained there for the entire duration of our relationship, almost eleven years. This dish holds a special place in my narrow little world not only because it was one of the first things Nathan and I ever made together, but it was the start of an ongoing tradition of making dinners together, which we still do even today. Whenever he has a day off, which are somewhat sporadic, we plan dinners together in advance to make that day. Rarely is it something that either of us make on our own. It is typically something we make together and that is not only quality time together, it is memories. This was also very much the start of my deep love of cooking. I’ve always been good at cooking, kind of a natural talent. But not something I took seriously either. It was more I can do basic things so I don’t starve, but never had any passion or joy in doing it. But after making this for Nathan and loving it, it made me really want to develop that skill into something big. Kind of showing off my skills when we were dating. From there my skills have grown and I’ve always loved trying new things and developing those new meals that easily become staples in our house. I made this for my husband just a couple of days ago, and he commented on it, calling it comforting. Which I have to admit, warmed my heart a bit. Food really is love. It brings joy, conjures up memories, and so much more. I hope you enjoy this recipe as much as I do! Ingredients: ½ pound of chicken breast I have used large breast pieces, but I prefer tender size pieces. Just note that the size will alter the cooking time. ¼ cup butter, or ½ a stick ½ cup dry bread crumbs (note/tip: I’ve used seasoned crumbs for a slightly different taste, or Panko bread crumbs for a different texture) ½ cup grated parmesan cheese 2 tablespoons dijon mustard Directions: I always start with my breadcrumb/cheese mixture. Mix the two in a shallow bowl and set aside. Melt the butter and then mix it with the mustard in a second shallow bowl. I usually just sort of whisk it together with a small salad fork and it works just fine. Spray a baking dish with cooking spray. If I am doing full size breast pieces, a smaller/square pan works great. If I’m doing tenders, I need more room, so I use a bigger pan. They all need to sit side by side and be flat in the pan. I then bread my chicken by dipping it in butter and mustard, then coat it in the cheese and breadcrumb mixture and set in the baking dish. If I am doing the full size breast pieces, I bake in a 350 degree oven for 60 minutes, or tender size pieces in a 400 degree oven for 30 minutes. Make sure the chicken is cooked to a minimum internal temperature of 165 degrees and is white all the way through, no pink. You can let them rest for a few, or serve immediately. When I cook with butter or cheese, I have a tendency to go all out, and I’ll pair this with a parmesan roasted red potato and some asparagus with cheese on top. I mean, why not? The oven is already on, the cheese is flowing, it’s just perfect. This is an easy and fun dish to do, and I hope you enjoy it as much as my husband and I do. Notes: As I look back over the last ten, almost eleven years with my husband, I am reminded of the fact that we’ve made our own traditions as we have grown together. This is one of those things I take great pride, comfort, and joy in. That is what life is all about. Creating memories and traditions that bring us joy and happiness so many years later. Food is something that brings all of us together. Couples, families, even friends. I hosted a dinner with my husband and friends recently, and I was reminded of this once again. Sharing laughter, playing games, making a great dinner. Food is always at the center of get togethers. Which is why sharing my favorite recipes is so important to me. It brings me joy, and I hope I get to play a small part in you creating new traditions or making a special meal for your family and friends as well. It really reminded me that is where I am the happiest. Being in my kitchen and able to create those amazing memories with my family and my friends. I am right where I need to be because I get to do that. It is easily my comfort zone. I love to pair this dish with some roasted red potatoes and carrots, which the recipes will be coming soon for. Stay tuned there. The thing that is nice about pairing these with the roasted potatoes and carrots is that it can all be made in the oven, with about the same cooking time required. For me, that is really a simple method to creating a balanced, colorful meal that tastes delicious. This is even a recipe that I could let Nathan make on his own, and he would do a great job. What is your favorite food that brings up the happiest memories? Tell me about it in the comments. I love hearing stories about recipes or dishes that give you this same kind of joy!
5 Pro Tips on Preserving Your Silver and Gold AccessoriesSparkling silver can become dull when not cared for properly. Donning a classy bracelet, a necklace or a pair of earrings can glam your look instantly. The interesting thing is that many of us love wearing silver pieces but don’t pay much attention to their care. If you must keep the shine on your silver and the sparkle on your gold, then you need to be more careful about how you store and care for it. Most of us love specific jewellery that we want to have with us all the time. It could be a necklace that you never want to remove, a promise ring or silver studs. These delicate jewellery should be kept away from extreme heat. Silver also fades when kept in sunlight for long periods. You should also take off your jewellery when doing household chores, swimming, gymming and cooking. Here are 5 pro tips to help you keep your jewellery in tip-toe shape. Invest in Airtight Boxes To preserve your gold or silver pieces for longer, keep them in an anti-tarnishing airtight wooden box. Wooden boxes that are not coated will cause your silver and gold to lose their shine or colour. Clean Jewelry before You Store The main culprit for tarnishing your jewellery is sweat. Investing in concealed boxes is not enough if you keep your jewellery without cleaning. You should also wipe off your jewellery if you wore them while swimming, cooking or in the gym. Cover with Antitarnish Cloth or Paper After cleaning the jewellery wrap it in a muslin-like cloth to prevent discolouration and keep the shine. A good alternative to using in place of muslin cloth is a tissue paper or anti-tarnish paper. Avoid using a newspaper since these are incapable of cooling off and will make the jewellery “sweat.”  Separate the Jewelry You can keep different type of jewellery in one box as long as you’re wrapping each of them in its own paper. It’s recommended to have one box for your rings, another for your neck pieces and so forth to prevent them from mixing and make it easy for you to pick a jewellery. Avoid wrapping all the jewellery in one cloth as this exposes them to a greater risk of being broken or getting scratched.  Use Activated Charcoal Or Silica Gel Silica gel and activated charcoal have properties that make it easy for them to absorb moisture from the air. After swapping your jewellery place some activated charcoal or small sachets of silica get to maintain a dry air inside the box and keep your jewellery from tarnishing.    Finally, you can keep your precious jewellery items in the best shape by following the tips we’ve offered here. One other thing, remember to wear your jewellery after you’ve put on everything else including your perfume, cosmetics and make-up. Head over to to find the latest jewellery in town.    Check out Begna’s gorgeous collection of silver and gold jewellery as well as accessories that will definitely make your day!
Prepping & Food StorageFood storage is a big thing when it comes to prepping. We all have to eat daily in order to survive. I know humans can go without eating daily for a couple of weeks as long as there is water, but who really wants to be miserable? I prefer to keep a well stocked pantry in order to be ready for things. Because the supply line to our grocery stores is very unstable, and it really doesn’t take much to completely disrupt it. There are three levels of food storage to think about and start stocking up on. Personally, I have noticed that when I keep a well stocked and layered pantry, as I will be talking about here, I make less grocery store trips. Less trips to the store means I am more prepared if something happened. It also means that I am spending less time and money going to the store each week or each month. If you look at it in the sense of time is money, and there is the gas plus usage of a vehicle, I am saving quite a bit. Level 1: These are the items that have a short seft life and will only last a few weeks. This is honestly the easiest layer in out of the three. Because it is basically everything we already have in the refrigerator/freezer or pantry/cabinets. We already eat them along with fresh fruits and vegetables and they can be substituted for fresh items. These items include frozen meat and veggies, eggs, dairy products, cereal, many snacks, and more. For example, if you go to the store and buy bacon for a meal and pick up a second or even third package for the freezer, this would be part of the first layer of food storage. Level 2: This is probably my least favorite level, at least in terms of the boxed and canned foods, but I still keep it and I use it as well. I find in the summer, I use boxed items to balance out a meal. For example, I grilled a tri-tip roast recently outside because it was hot and I wasn’t turning on the oven. I used the outdoor grill for the meat and the vegetable, which was carrots in this case. I used foil grill bags and laid them side by side on the grill and just let the magic happen. I still needed some sort of starch/carbohydrate to balance it out. This would be where I can throw together a boxed pasta side, rice, or even instant mashed potatoes and have it done in 5-15 minutes. Then I’m not heating up the house, and more of my efforts are concentrated on the grilled foods which require more attention. Or, if my husband is cooking, a box of Hamburger Helper is the way to go. He can follow the directions on the box and he is good to go. If I have everything to put together a meal, a boxed side or a canned vegetable will round it out and keep me from making a trip to the grocery store just for a single item. This saves me time and money. It is also a good thing to use these periodically, so that it isn’t a total shock when you are forced to use them. This level would be the pantry items such as canned soups or veggies, boxed side dishes, evaporated milk, canned meats like tuna fish or chicken. I also like to put spices in this category, because they are important in all levels of food storage, and will especially come in handy when/if you have to use the third level of your food storage. I prefer large (what I call Costco size containers) containers for my spices. I can’t stand a bunch of tiny ones, as it feels unorganized to me as well as not being a large enough supply. If you’ve ever opened a cabinet and tried to pull down one tiny jar of a spice and had 4 others fall out, you know exactly what I’m talking about when I say it feels unorganized. With spices, something I do is buy the larger container once and when it gets about halfway empty, I’ll buy a smaller container and refill it. This is a great way to rotate my supply. Another great thing about this is, I can buy whatever spice at any time because I’m not out and need it immediately. Once it gets about halfway empty, I start to watch store sales and coupons. Another great way to save money! Because I don’t need it immediately, I can wait for coupons or store sales. Another thing would be dry ingredients that we can make things from scratch with. Think flour and sugar for baking, making bread, dry milk for consuming or using in recipes. I would also put things like dry pasta and crackers in this category. I don’t go through a ton of flour or sugar in my house, but I always keep at least one spare bag in the pantry. I started by buying two of everything in this case. I’ll use flour as an example. I bought two, opened one. When the first one was used up, I would buy another one and rotate them in my pantry. That way I always have a backup or spare. We do the same with sugar. This is also the place where a list comes in handy. We always have a list in the kitchen and when I empty a bag of flour, I’ll grab the next one if needed and open it. Then flour is added to the list for when we go to the grocery store. I’ve said it before, but it is important enough to keep repeating. A big part of prepping is organization. Knowing your supplies and what you have or do not have is a huge skill. Level 3: In my household, this is the layer that is geared toward the end of the world scenarios. The stuff we keep, but we don’t touch unless it is truly an emergency and we’ve exhausted all other layers of our supplies and it is time to get into these. I keep freeze dried food for this, canned water, supplies with an extremely long shelf life, and require little preparation. This stuff can be expensive, and at times seems silly or unnecessary, because we aren’t in a crisis currently. It is also very important. But it is the layer we stock up on slowly, because of the cost related to it. I like to think of it in terms of upgrading. Example, We started with bottled water bought from the store. Well, it has roughly a one year shelf life before the bottles start breaking down. There is nothing wrong with buying bottled water, as we all need to start somewhere in prepping, right? When I started prepping, I was looking at getting through the winter. The previous year was ridiculous in terms of weather. I live in a pretty moderate climate, so when it snows, people become stupid. Not even going to lie, because they don’t know how to handle the bad weather since it is a fairly rare occurrence. Car wrecks are a huge issue, stores are short on foods because deliveries are delayed. When they do arrive, the products don’t stay on the store shelves for long. So that was my thought process. If I can make it to where I don’t have to go to the store for a couple weeks, a month, however long, I’ll be better prepared if it happens again in the upcoming year. This was my short-term goal, which I accomplished. Then I started looking at more long-term solutions, such as canned water. Canned water has a 50 year shelf life. It is also significantly more expensive than bottled water. Which is why many people find it ridiculous. It can be hard to justify buying something you aren’t going to use immediately, or even in the near future. But, I started upgrading. I am having to do it slowly, as my bank account will not allow me to buy it all at once. The same can be said for freeze-dried foods. Many people think bottled water or canned food is safe, so why bother with upgrading to items that are far better suited for long term storage? Well, the answer is that they are suited better for long term storage. Freeze dried foods and canned water have a long-term shelf life. It really is just that simple. Canned foods can go bad fairly easy, or a can may bloat up and explode causing a mess, or dropping it can damage the can and compromise the safety of the contents. Another good thing about freeze dried foods is they come in large containers and typically weigh very little. Some also come in buckets, which can be filled up even more as well. I love buying the buckets, then supplementing it with more freeze dried foods which are packaged individually or simply didn’t come in a bucket. It is an excellent storage method. Notes: For level 2 and 3 foods, please try these items. Use them and see if you or your family will eat them. Find what works for you. If you buy something such as a box of rice and it tastes like 3 day old moldy diarrhea, you certainly aren’t going to want to eat it in the event of an emergency. Don’t buy it again. Many people say when you’re hungry, you’ll eat whatever is available. That may be true, but buying stuff you will eat when you’re not starving will be comforting in the event of a true emergency. It helps morale, especially if you have kids. When everyone is already on edge, you really don’t want to waste the time trying to convince a 5 year old to eat something they hate, same goes for yourself. It makes for cranky people, so I always say, let’s not make it any worse by having nasty tasting food to eat. In terms of freeze dried foods, there are plenty of options you can buy in the grocery stores, or even outdoor/sporting good stores that are single servings, where you just add hot water and reconstitute the contents. Give it a try. If you like it when you’re not starving, you’ll love it when you are. If you have picky eaters or dietary restrictions, please take these things into consideration when stocking up on your pantry.  Whatever these things are now, they will still present roadblocks for you in the event of an emergency. Do not waste your money on something someone or everyone you’re trying to feed refuses to eat now. It is seriously a waste, especially if you have dietary restrictions. When you are considering what to do for level 3 of your pantry essentials, please take into consideration cooking time. Many people think beans and brown rice are exceptional prepper food items, for example. Think about how long it takes to cook them. How much water you will need, or how much heat to boil water and keep simmering something. In the event of a real emergency when water and even power may be scarce or you’re having to use alternative methods to heat water and cook food. You will want to keep these things in mind when purchasing items with a long term shelf life that you will use in a very real/true emergency. These items you buy will not last forever. Between using and expiration, you need to also have a resupply plan in place. This is something to think about and work on while the grocery stores are still available and there are no problems. Experiment with growing veggies, maybe raising livestock if you have the space and resources, or investing in a freezer, learning to preserve your own meat and home canning, rainwater catchment system to filter...