Coronavirus Megathread (May 2021): For travel-related discussion in the context of COVID-19While vaccines are starting to be administered in several countries, the coronavirus (COVID-19) situation continues to have a major effect on travel, with many now looking to understand if, when, or how their travels might be feasible. Accordingly,/r/travel is continue its megathreads on a monthly basis until the crisis dissipates. In the interest of reducing the number of one-off questions, before you post a question about how to deal with your individual travel plans, consider whether your situation is adequately addressed by the following: Are borders open? What entry or transit restrictions are in place? Will I need to quarantine? A list of travel restrictions can be found in a number of sources, including fromIATA or Kayak's travel restriction map . Note that IATA only deals with travel restrictions by air (so it will not speak to any land border restrictions or closures). You may also do well to check out government and embassy sources from the destination country (and sometimes from your own embassy in the destination country).Because information can change on short notice, it is important to verify the latest information, ideally from government sources. the US? At the time of writing, foreign nationals are prohibited from entering or transiting the US if they have been in or transited via Brazil, China, India (as of May 4), Iran, Ireland, the Schengen Area, South Africa, or the UK in the preceding 14 days. Exceptions to this rule include green card holders as well as some family members of US citizens and permanent residents.Note that (except for, of course, US citizens) this is not a citizenship-based restriction; it is purely based on travel history. More information about the entry restrictions and the associated proclamations is available on theUS CDC website . All air passengers (including US citizens and green card holders), regardless of origin and nationality,need to produce a negative result from a viral test taken within 3 days of the first flight on a single ticket to the US. Alternatively, you may travel with a positive test result from the previous 3 months and a letter from a doctor indicating that you're clear for travel. The land borders with Mexico and Canada are closed to all except those travelling for essential purposes, butair, rail, and sea (but not commuter rail or ferry) ports-of-entry remain open to non-essential travel. No nationwide quarantine requirements exist, although an executive order signed on Jan. 21 hinted at the possibility of one being instituted, should the CDC recommend it. Nevertheless, individual states and/or cities may have their own requirements, even for domestic travel, so you will need to confirm with information from your destination state or city. As an example,this is New York State's travel advisory/quarantine page ; note that travelers are permitted to break quarantine to leave New York State and the state's quarantine restrictions would not prevent you from boarding a connecting flight. New York's testing and quarantine requirements are ending for domestic travelers as of Apr. 1. Note also that COVID tests are not being demanded at check-in, security, boarding, or arrival for domestic travel within the contiguous United States, and checkpoints aren't being set up at state borders. For more information, see the US CDC's COVID-19 page . Canada? At the time of writing, foreign nationals are barred from entering Canada unless they are traveling for certain, mostly essential reasons,regardless of mode of travel. Those traveling from countries other than the US must also fulfill one of several additional categories of exemptions. Those who are permitted to travel to Canada for non-essential purposes include – aside from Canadians – permanent residents and certain family members of Canadians and permanent residents. Note that Canadian airlines will be halting flights to Mexico and the Caribbean. Those wishing to travel to Canada on compassionate reasons may do so provided they receive authorization from the Public Health Agency of Canada. Fully airside international transits are typically permitted. All passengers five years or older arriving into Canada by air will also need toproduce a negative result from a PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to boarding the last direct flight to Canada. Alternatively, you may submit a positive COVID-19 molecular test taken between 14 and 90 days prior to departure. Passengers are required to take an additional test on arrival and quarantine at hotels for at least three days, pending negative test results, in one of four cities – Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal – that will serve as the only ports-of-entry by air. After being permitted to exit hotel quarantine, travelers must continue to self-quarantine until 14 days after arrival, at which point they must take another test. The whole process is expected to cost approximately C$2000 per passenger, which travelers will have to pay. For more information, see the Canadian government's COVID-19 travel restrictions page . Mexico? At the time of writing, there are no changes to Mexico's standard entry requirements. However, the land border with the United States is officially closed to all except those travelling for essential purposes. Travelers must fill out a "Questionnaire of Identification of Risk Factors in Travelers", available here, to present upon arrival. There are no quarantine or testing requirements upon arrival in Mexico. For more information, see information provided by Mexican embassies, including theMexican Embassy in the Netherlands . the UK? At the time of writing, foreign nationals are barred from entering the UK if they have entered or transited several several countries -- including, but not limited to, South American countries, Panama, the UAE, Qatar, India, and several countries in southern Africa -- within the previous 10 days are not permitted to enter the UK. Thefull "red list" of countries is subject to change. Irish citizens and those with UK resident permits are, in addition to UK nationals, exempted from this restriction. All passengers entering or transiting through the UK from outside the Common Travel Area (which comprises the UK, Ireland, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands) need to produce a negative PCR, LAMP, or antigen test taken within 72 hours of their last direct flight (or other mode of transit) to the UK. All international arrivals (including UK citizens) will need to quarantine for 10 days after arrival. Passengers who have not been in any of the red list countries over the previous ten days may shorten their quarantines in England if theytest negative at least 5 days into their quarantine period. All travelers, regardless of origin and nationality, traveling from outside the Common Travel Area will, in addition to getting tested before departure, need to take a test on the second and eighth days after arrival; this requirement even applies to those using the "test-to-release" scheme. These tests need to bepre-booked before departure . All travelers that have been in any of the "red list" countries over the previous ten days must book, at their own expense, a hotel room for their quarantine. For those destined for Scotland,all travelers who have been outside the Common Travel Area in the previous ten days must book a hotel room for their quarantines. These hotel rooms must bebooked in advance , along with the mandatory tests on the second and eighth days of quarantine. With "lockdown" measures in place within the UK, there may be restrictions on travel purposes to, from, or within the constituent countries. For example, travel to and from Scotland is prohibited except for limited purposes. For more information, see UK Border Control and the UK government's information about travel measures . the EU? In the Schengen Area? In late June 2020, the European Commission recommended that external borders be reopened to short-term visitors arriving from several countries deemed to have adequately maintained the virus. Thislist has been updated , as of Jan. 28, to consist of Australia, China (subject to confirmation of reciprocity), New Zealand, Rwanda, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand. This list, however, is non-binding among member countries and is subject to change. Nevertheless, several countries within the EU or the Schengen Area have used this list as guidance, permitting arrivals from these countries as well as "EU+" countries (which includes EU and Schengen countries, and sometimes the UK). These restrictions typically are not based on nationality but rather travel history and/or residency; consult resources from your destination country. However, multiple EU countries have temporarily placed additional restrictions on travel from specific countries (e.g. the UK) or have reinstated broad restrictions for those from outside the EU, the Schengen Area, or their own countries due to discoveries of new COVID variants. Fully airside non-Schengen to non-Schengen transits are typically permitted, but confirm and consult resources from your transit country to see if further documentation (which may, at times, include negative test results) is required. Recent reports from a European Commission official suggest that vaccinated travelers will be permitted to travel to Europe this summer. However, firm details about these plans have not been announced, and each EU country has the ultimate say on its border policies. Among the European countries that have made announcements about possibly reopening to vaccinated travelers are France (targeting Jun. 9),Greece (already open, if traveling from certain countries), and Iceland (already open). As the various EU and Schengen countries have opened their external borders to third-country nationals in various ways and with different exceptions, it is imperative that travelers check the entry requirements for their ports-of-entry. A summary of travel restrictions isprovided by the European Union , but many have reported that government (e.g. embassy or foreign ministry) resources have been more detailed and accurate. South Korea? At the time of writing, most nationalities with visa-free or visa-waiver arrangements with Korea have had their visa-free/waiver status suspended, primarily on the basis of the reciprocal entry restrictions for Korean citizens. There are also additional entry and transit restrictions of those traveling from China. All passengers must have a negative LAMP, PCR, SDA, or TMA test taken within 72 hours of departure of the first flight en route to Korea. International arrivals, with very few exceptions, will be required to quarantine for 14 days; non-residents will be required to quarantine in government facilities at their own expense. For more information, see the Korea Immigration Service . Japan? At the time of writing, foreign nationals who have been in one of 150+ countries for purposes other than transit are not permitted to enter Japan. Further, visas and visa exemptions for nationals from many countries have been suspended. Permanent residents, long-term residents, and spouses and children of Japanese citizens may be exempt from these entry restrictions provided they meet certain conditions. Those individuals, including Japanese citizens, that are permitted to enter Japan will be required to undergo a 14-day quarantine. All travelers will be required to provide proof of a negative result from a test taken within 72 hours of departure for Japan. Additional restrictions are in place for those travelling from the UK or South Africa. For more information, see the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan . Thailand? At the time of writing, Thailand is accepting travelers that have the proper visa or are visa-exempt. Visa-on-arrival facilities, as well as visa-exempt status for nationals of Cambodia and Myanmar, are suspended. Travelers entering or transiting Thailand must have a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of the first embarkation point. All travelers entering the country are subject to a 14-day quarantine. Foreigners must have a confirmed hotel reservation for their quarantine and well as health insurance with coverage of at least US$100,000. When will borders reopen or travel restrictions be lifted? Is it safe/a good idea to book travel for a particular time months ahead? It is, of course, impossible to say when travel restrictions are lifted for every country. Where no news has been officially provided, it is often very difficult to predict as countries will make decisions based on the progress of the pandemic – which is an unknown – as well as other pressures (e.g. economic or social). Consider that the progress of the pandemic and efforts to combat it are unpredictable. Countries are approaching the vaccine rollouts in different ways. Some countries are exempting vaccinated travelers from testing or quarantine requirements, and some are even allowing vaccinated travelers to enter when they would not admit unvaccinated travelers. However, one should not assume special treatment on account of your vaccinated status, as most countries still have not differentiated between vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers. In the meantime, with the resurgences of cases and new variants recently discovered in several countries, some countries have firmed up travel restrictions, requiring additional tests or quarantine periods or preventing travel from certain locations. Further, even if you are ultimately able to travel to your destination, there may be "lockdowns" or widespread closures of businesses and places of interest. Realize that you are taking a risk by deciding to speculatively book travel in the hopes that travel restrictions will be lifted by the time you travel, or even will remain as liberal as they are in your destination today. With this unprecedented situation, old adages about when it's best to purchase airfare may no longer be valid. In any event, be aware of the policies of your airlines and accommodations for credits and/or refunds should you need to reschedule or cancel. Further, understand that airlines may make it very difficult to receive a refund, even if legally required. Many travelers have reported waiting months to receive refunds on cancelled flights or otherwise being stonewalled when requesting a refund. And be aware that if your airline goes out of business, your funds could be lost forever. Take note of your jurisdiction's laws regarding refunds for cancelled flights. For example: * US Dept of Transportation: Refunds * EU: Air passenger rights So should I cancel a trip that I've already booked? And how? Will insurance help? These questions were covered at length in the second megathread . Although countries may be starting to "reopen", the points therein are still relevant. Previous related megathreads: * First virus megathread (Jan 23–Mar 15, 2020) * Europe to US travel suspension megathread (Mar 12–15, 2020) * Second virus megathread (Mar 16–May 23, 2020) * Third virus megathread (May 24–Aug 15, 2020) Semi-monthly megathreads: * Late Aug 2020 megathread (Aug 16–31) * Early Sep 2020 megathread (Sep 1–15) * Late Sep 2020 megathread (Sep 15–30) * Early Oct 2020 megathread (Oct 1–15) * Late Oct 2020 megathread (Oct 16–31) * Early Nov 2020 megathread (Nov 1–15) * Late Nov 2020 megathread (Nov 16–30) * Early Dec 2020 megathread (Dec 1–15) * Late Dec 2020 megathread (Dec 16–31) Monthly megathreads: * Jan 2021 megathread * Feb 2021 megathread * Mar 2021 megathread * Apr 2021 megathread