Forecasting the Energy Industry: Open Call for the Inaugural Season of a Fantasy Energy LeagueThis article is a rehosting of the full article that first appeared on Renewable Energy World, an online outlet for the magazine that covers industry, policy, technology, finance, and markets for all renewable technologies where I contribute as a featured writer.  Fantasy sports and the energy industry might not have much in common on the surface, but I've always personally approached these two passions of mine in similar ways: obsessively reading the breaking news, following my favorite experts on social media, and diving deep into the available statistics to create graphs and come up with hot takes. Hell, I even went so far as to combine these seemingly unrelated topics by creating a fantasy football roster of NFL players who were leaders for renewable energy, environmental advocacy, and other green causes. I think the fantasy sports model can be used to encourage an academic and educational exercise in the energy industry, so it struck me--  I should establish the first fantasy league for the energy sector! [caption id=attachment_2043 align=aligncenter width=1429] Source: Breaking Energy[/caption] Absurd, you say? Perhaps, but the fantasy sports format has already been successfully adapted for The Bachelor, box office performances, e-Sports, and The Great British Bake Off. With that in mind, I propose to gather a group of energy wonks to compete in predicting certain outcomes of the industry to test who is truly the favorite forecaster, the oracle of outlooks, the premier prognosticator! (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In reading about the energy industry, I've found there's no shortage of scoffing at various energy forecasting efforts-- whether that's claiming that the Energy Information Administration (EIA)  underestimates the coming growth of renewables in their forecasts or accusing the International Energy Agency (IEA) of undermining the global shift from fossil fuels. With all these people saying they know better, it seems like the perfect opportunity to challenge experts to put their money where their mouths are. Game structure The keys to finding something that can be shoehorned into the fantasy sports format are ensuring that an easily quantifiable set of data exists to use for results (comparable to football players' stats) and choosing topics with a variety of options from which to choose  (akin to there being many different quarterbacks to choose from so each fantasy team can select one). With that in mind, the dataset I've identified as the central tenant for this inaugural season of Fantasy Energy League is EIA's State Carbon Emissions Data. [caption id=attachment_2653 align=alignnone width=915] Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration[/caption] These annually released data (last updated a month ago) provide measures of CO2 emissions in each state (and Washington DC), broken out by sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric power). The separation by state and sector makes for the perfect structure for the Fantasy Energy League: Each participating member of the league will take turns drafting a combination of sector and state (e.g., one person might select Pennsylvania's transportation sector and the next person can pick Texas's residential sector). Each state/sector combination can only be selected by one team. The draft will end when each league member has one state selected for each of the five sectors, though they can select their sectors in whatever order they choose. To allow for adequate research and to account for the participants' busy schedules, the draft will be conducted via email. The goal of these selections will be to assemble a team with the greatest aggregate decline in absolute CO2 emissions from one year to the next, representing the 'team' that successfully cleans up the energy industry the most. Important to note that this dataset lags by about 22 months, so the data for 2016 was just released on October 31, 2018. As such, this league would be predicting where the 2017 data falls with a final reveal date in October 2019. This process may seem backwards because the emissions for 2017 have already occurred-- wouldn't this be like picking a fantasy football team after the season's already been played? Not entirely true, I'd say it's comparable to playing fantasy football after the season has already been played but the only available information is each NFL team's playbook. The 2017 policy and market playbooks for each state in 2017 (e.g., some pledged to increase renewable energy, some shuttered coal plants, and others benefited from their adoption of California's Clean Car Standards) are known-- but the data on how those actions will affect their CO2 emissions are not yet readily available. In the end, teams will make picks based on the combination of energy policy, market trends, and technology developments they think are the most effective in reducing CO2 emissions.  So not only does this Fantasy Energy League offer the opportunity to demonstrate your forecasting skills, but it's also an avenue to prove which efforts to fight climate change are the optimal solution. Do you target New York's transportation sector because it had the second greatest electric vehicle sales in 2017 or does the failure to implement congestion pricing scare you off? Are you enticed by Illinois's 2% drop in coal production in 2017 or are you scared about nuclear production dropping by 1% along with it? Do you target populous states like Florida and Texas where the larger energy sectors provide more chances for reductions, or do they scare you off because they also provide more opportunities for emission increases? [caption id=attachment_2646 align=alignnone width=567] Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration[/caption] Finding participants and next steps! The first order of business is assembling the participants of this Fantasy Energy League. I'd love it to include a cross-section of different disciplines  and perspectives. I'll sort through who expresses interest and determine the ideal makeup of the league and how many teams we'll have. Once I have enough people interested, we'll move on to next steps-- and check back to this site for updates along the way as I plan to publish feature articles of a pre-draft assessment of the participants, post-draft debrief to breakdown teams, a midyear check-in, and finally return back after next year's data releases to declare a victor. If you're interested in reading more but don't necessarily want to participate yourself then please pass this along to energy experts who you think would be a perfect fit. Now is not the time to sit on the sidelines, eternal Fantasy Energy League glory awaits! So, what do you say-- think you can stack up? Reach out to me on Twitter, comment on this post below, or send me an email to let me know if you're interested in joining the Fantasy Energy League.  (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); If you enjoyed this post and you would like to get the newest posts from the Chester Energy and Policy blog delivered straight to your inbox, please consider subscribing today.  To read more insights into the energy industry, see this state-by-state analysis of the U.S. energy mix,  this post on the U.S. Wind Turbine Database, and this article on how split incentives create issues in the energy field.   About the author: Matt Chester is an energy analyst in Washington DC, studied engineering and science & technology policy at the University of Virginia, and operates this blog and website to share news, insights, and advice in the fields of energy policy, energy technology, and more. For more quick hits in addition to posts on this blog, follow him on Twitter @ChesterEnergy.
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