Temperature ScalesTemperature measurement is a relatively latest concept. In early days, people only knew the elemental difference between hot and cold since there was no practical way to measure changing degrees of heat. In the year 1597, first effort was made by an Italian astronomer named Galileo Galilei to measure temperature. He developed a very basic device called water thermoscope by employing a sealed jar and a long glass tube filled with air and water. To make this device workable, the glass tube was placed inverted in the jar and heat energy was supplied to the jar. Due to heat the expansion of air took place inside the tube which forced the liquid in the tube to rise up. The jar was subjected to different temperatures by either adding or removing heat energy and with every change in temperature, the level of water demonstrated relative changes. However, this technique was incapable to measure temperature in direct manner.After many years, an Italian physician named Santorio Santorio made improvements in Galileo’s thermoscope design by attaching a numerical scale to the device. This enhanced thermoscope design laid the basis for development of today’s liquid-filled thermometers like mercury thermometers and alcohol thermometers.Temperature Scales“Temperature is a measure of the amount of heat energy possessed by an object. Because temperature is a relative measurement, scales based on reference points must be used to accurately measure temperature.”There are three scales of temperature which are widely applied in modern- day science and industry. They are:Fahrenheit temperature scaleCelsius temperature scaleKelvin temperature scaleKelvin temperature scale is not as much popularly used as the Celsius and Fahrenheit scales. However, it finds its major application in the field of scientific researches.Fahrenheit Temperature ScaleThis scale was developed by a renowned physicist named Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit in the year 1724. It is a non metric temperature scale upon which temperature readings are represented in degree Fahrenheit (ºF). The Fahrenheit scale is most popular in the United States. “Fahrenheit temperature scale is a scale based on 32 for the freezing point of water and 212 for the boiling point of water, the interval between the two being divided into 180 parts.” Celsius Temperature ScaleThis temperature scale was devised by a Swedish astronomer named Anders Celsius in the year 1742. It is a metric temperature scale. It is also sometimes referred to as centigrade temperature scale where centi means one hundred and grade means degrees. Temperature readings on this scale are represented in degree Celsius (ºC). “The degree Celsius (°C) scale was devised by dividing the range of temperature between the freezing and boiling temperatures of pure water at standard atmospheric conditions into 100 equal parts”.Under this scale, the freezing point of water is 0 ºC whereas its boiling point is 100 ºC. For carrying out scientific experiments, the Celsius scale is preferred over the Fahrenheit scale owing to its better compatibility with the base ten format of the International System i.e. SI of metric measurement. This temperature scale is widely in practice in nearly all parts of the world except United States.Kevin Temperature ScaleKelvin temperature scale was established by a Scottish physicist named Lord William Kelvin in the year 1854. “It is defined as 1/ 273.16 of the triple point (equilibrium among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases) of pure water. Such a scale has as its zero point absolute zero, the theoretical temperature at which the molecules of a substance have the lowest energy.”It is considered as the fundamental unit for temperature measurement in thermodynamics field. It is regarded as an international standard for scientific temperature measurement. This temperature scale enables simple expression of numerous physical laws and formulas. The Kelvin scale is an extended version of the Celsius scale. Temperature readings on this scale are represented as positive Kelvin numbers. No negative numbers or degree Kelvins are used for this scale. Under this scale, the freezing point of water is 273.15 Kelvins whereas its boiling point is 373.15 K. Hence, just like Celsius scale, the Kelvin scale also exhibits a difference of 100 degrees between the freezing and boiling points of water. Kelvins are extremely useful for measurement of very low temperatures involved in scientific experiments.Temperature Scale ConversionsThree temperature scales displaying different temperature levels ranging from absolute zero to boiling point of water are shown in the figure below.We can easily convert one temperature scale into another by means of few calculations which are given below:Temperature conversions between Kelvin and Celsius temperature scales can be performed with the help of following equations:Kelvin (K) = Degree Celsius(°C)+ 273.15Degree Celsius(°C) = Kelvin(K) – 273.15Temperature conversions between Fahrenheit and degree Celsius can be done via following formulas:Celsius (°C) = 5/9(F – 32)Fahrenheit (°F) = 9/5C + 32References1. Temperature Measurement2. Fahrenheit Scale3. Celsius Scale4. Kelvin ScaleSourcesLamar.colostateVisionlearningHowtostudyabyss.uoregonComments (0)Comments are closed.If you liked this post;Please consider subscribing to our RSS feedPosted in Temperature Measurement← Semiconductor Temperature SensorsCAS IP Setup Tool cannot Find CAS Gateway →
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Can It Boost Your Muscle Buillding Supplement?Your growing age may create a lot of troubles for your regular living and overall health too. A number of factors might be there which can negatively impact your health but you need to be careful and active towards your health and its care. It depends on you that how would you take care of your health. Taking care of your health is only in your own hands and you can now do the same very easily just with the help of your regular routine diets and proper exercises. Numerous people are there who might just think that the regular diets and proper exercises can help them curing or improving their health. Yes, it is true but not every time. Numerous times, your body may not support you every time. You might be in a relationship or may have a crush for sure, right? Doesn’t matter whether you are in a relationship or may have a crush, every single girl wants a good looking partner who can protect her and can live happily with her. 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If you are now aware then you must know that testosterone is the key hormone which can either enhance your manhood or may ruin your happiness. Your growing age may bring new happiness into your life such as your marriage, new relationships, new job, and much more. On the other hand, such an increasing age may also bring a number of unexpected changes in your life such as- your poor health decreased testosterone production poor energy levels lower sexual interest poor libido levels poor performances unwanted tiredness depression inadequate sleeping patterns imbalanced blood pressure These changes may create troubles in your regular living. These changes may also affect your relationship in a negative manner and you may have to face numerous other issues as well. Don’t you want to reverse these changes? Obviously, everyone wants to reverse these changes but not everyone can do the same. 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The Nеwbоrn Bаbу Pоор Post  Let’s talk about poop, baby poop. In the fіrѕt fеw dауѕ of a newborn, babies poop greenish-black, sticky tar-like stool called meconium. Basically, whatever has been with them while they were in the womb. There’s not much smell but you’d still have to change their nappy. In the next couple of days, their poop would become progressively lighter in colour, becoming more greenish. These are ‘transitional stools’ and is a sign that your baby is digesting either early breastmilk or formula milk properly. Thereafter, if your baby drinks only breast milk, then the stools would be yellowish green mush with occasional flecks. It may look like diarrhoea but does not smell as bad as an adult one. As for babies on formula milk, their stools could remind you of crunchy peanut butter sauce. Brownish and crunchy, not that I’ve ever tried. Smell-wise, it’s comparatively more pungent than stools from a baby on pure breastmilk, so you won’t miss a nappy change for sure. You may also notice that your baby goes through growth spurts, and when they do, they can go from pooping every time you feed them, to not pooping at all for 2-3 days. This is very normal, especially for babies who drink exclusively breast milk. Brеаѕt mіlk is very wеll utіlіzеd by babies and іn a bіg grоwth ѕрurt, everything is uѕеd up. Nothing is left tо еlіmіnаtе. So, іf уоu are uѕеd to changing a dirty dіареr every tіmе уоu fееd уоur lіttlе one, dоn't fret whеn that сhаngеd. Instead, rejoice. All bаbіеѕ go thrоugh grоwth ѕрurtѕ, and this affects their bоwеl habits. However, babies on breast milk diet generally do not get соnѕtіраtеd. Unlеѕѕ the actual ѕtооlѕ look like little ѕоlіd pebbles, then it’s probably constipation. If that’s the case, you may wish to try a wаrm bаth аnd move your bаbу'ѕ lеgѕ as if rіdіng a bісусlе. This sometimes hеlрѕ tо relax the muѕсlеѕ and ease constipation. However, do talk tо уоur рaеdіаtrісіаn if your bаbу ѕееmѕ vеrу uncomfortable during most of the day, especially pooping. Thеrе аrе a many rеmеdіеѕ out there; mоѕt of them frоm уоur own kitchen. But, еvеrу paediatrician hаѕ dіffеrеnt оріnіоnѕ оn how best to cure constipation, so best tо talk tо yours. In general, if your baby’s ѕtооlѕ are ѕоft оr loose, but infrequent, don't worry. Yоur baby is mоѕt likely juѕt grоwіng. Generally, talk to your paediatrician іf:  1. It has bееn more than 3-4 dауѕ since your baby’s last poop  2. Your bаbу appears very unсоmfоrtаblе fоr a gооd раrt оf thе day  3. Yоu see blооd in thе ѕtооl  4. Thе ѕtооlѕ аrе hаrd, ѕmаll реbblеѕ Bаbіеѕ hаvе оnlу, еаtіng, ѕlееріng аnd рооріng tо соnсеntrаtе оn, so thеіr attention is fullу on thе
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