Rethinking the Kardashev scale - how to rank civilisationsThe Kardeshev Scale attempts to rank civilisations technological development based on energy use Kardashev scale - Wikipedia And this leads towards extreme predictions such as Dyson Spheres Dyson sphere - Wikipedia Let's back up a second to newer ideas about life. Life is now starting to be seen as a system of managing entropy, in which the cells harvests entropy to create the system of ordering the cell and outputs the entropy externally - see https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negentropy Taking this concept, that life itself is about harnessing energy to create order, and that entropy and energy are clearly related, since without energy there can be no change in order, one stage further to apply it to intelligence, in a universal way, reveals this; Intelligence is the same negentropic phenomena of living cells and organisms applied to the harnessing of energy outside of the organism, to change the surrounding environment to maximise order and minimise destructive entropy within the living organism. So, in effect, all life progresses towards higher intelligence if it can, and this manifests as engineering of the surrounding environment to minimise entropy of the living system. All intelligent civilisations will, for example, aim to develop the capabilities to survive catastrophe which represents entropy, such as identify rogue asteroids and comets and move them out of collision paths with their place of residence. Life is a complicated, but naturally emergent phenomena that appears to emerge under certain conditions. 1 is that the chemistry is in a stage far from equilibrium (the equilibria state for the human body is CO2 and water and N2 gas) that evolves in conditions of high energy flux (i.e. in extreme conditions such as the extreme thermocline of hydrothermal vents or via an electrically active atmosphere) and evolve as dissipative structures. Dissipative structures seem to naturally form in any system under stress, the universe seems to be a phenomena that gradually self organises to remove destructive energy to the emergent dissipative network. If we apply the organisation of energy / entropy principle in an ethical way that is more universal, in other words, not one that just benefits one intelligent, conscious species over another, then it could be said that the mission of the human race in universal terms is to protect the conditions for the further evolution of all complex life, not just us, which represent similar self organising, negentropic systems as us. There is no value of another intelligent creature destroying us in that case as we collectively benefit by adopting such a universal rule, until that time of course, where over population causes scarcity that efficiency cannot resolve which may be far into the future. Efficiency limits the land and resources and energy needed by a civilisation, therefore its tendency towards war and conflict should also be efficiency dependent. This goes beyond just how much energy we can harvest, as in the Dyson spheres, but more about how efficiently we use energy, and not just energy, but materials. The Kardeshev scale needs to be modelled around efficiency not just energy use, and material use, not just energy. A Dyson sphere makes no sense, as there is literally nothing you can materially do with all that energy at that location. Its simply converting one type of energy to another (heat). Unless it applies to the reorganisation of the physical environment, and hence entropy, it serves no purpose. A more practical scale of technological stages of development would be how the organism can manage the sources of entropy from outside - that is, limits war, and masters the physical environment so it is not limited to particular places. This means how triphibious it is - by this I mean, does the civilisation have such a mastery of its local environment, by materials and energy, that it can support itself on land, sea, air / space? Since intelligence can be redefined as the management and control of destructive entropy from outside the living organism, then it also means the technological capacity to live in space, on other worlds and travel about such places, is a useful yardstick to measure its development. When thinking about civilisations in terms of their management of entropy, in some senses we have advanced in the last few hundred years, but its also relevant to think about sustainability. Organising entropy is about the ongoing process of managing risks and threats to complex life, not just in the present. A short term gain for the organism whilst damaging the future productivity of soils, would overall be detrimental in terms of entropy. Being able to prevent unsustainable population growth (or decline), create stable economic systems, avoid war and managing the environment not just for short term gains but long term gains, which are far larger if they are very prolonged, would be markers of higher development in a rational Kardeshev scale. In effect, sustainable and lower conflict systems score higher when measured over longer time frames. Some farming practices hundreds of years ago may have been more sustainable than now, for example, in terms of maintaining soil quality. Aliens may for example evolve to have minimal demands on land. A photosynthetic alien with suits that emit light to provide energy and oxygen makes them much more adaptable to different environments and require less resources (dramatically, in theory). This not only allows a high population density but would reduce the requirement of resources that may threaten the overall environment, which would increase entropy, and hence survival and ongoing development of that life form. A note on war - war can be thought of as the deliberate creation of entropy in an enemy. The only circumstance where a 'just' war can be conceived is when an enemy threatens the overall system and it aligns with the principles above in the act of neutralising them, and there is no alternative.
Asteroids – a new El Dorado in space? | DW DocumentaryMining on asteroids sounds like the stuff of science fiction, but it could soon become a reality. Nations and powerful corporations already have plans for such ventures and are hard at work staking their claim to resources from space. How can economic growth continue unfettered once all the earth's resources have been consumed? Major companies and governments have long been working on plans to exploit the resources to be found in the vastness of space. How far are humans from achieving this? This documentary examines the technological requirements of space mining. It also assesses how great the desire is to find new sources of raw materials. The film touches on scientific and fundamental societal issues - including humanity’s craving for new territories and our degradation of the Earth as we attempt to exploit all our planet has to offer. ـــــ DW Documentary gives you knowledge beyond the headlines. Watch top documentaries from German broadcasters and international production companies. Meet intriguing people, travel to distant lands, get a look behind the complexities of daily life and build a deeper understanding of current affairs and global events. Subscribe and explore the world around you with DW Documentary. Subscribe to: DW Documentary: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCW39zufHfsuGgpLviKh297Q?sub_confirmation=1# DW Documental (Spanish): https://www.youtube.com/dwdocumental DW Documentary وثائقية دي دبليو: (Arabic): https://www.youtube.com/dwdocarabia For more visit: http://www.dw.com/en/tv/docfilm/s-3610 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/dwdocumentary/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/dw.stories We kindly ask viewers to read and stick to the DW netiquette policy on our channel: https://p.dw.com/p/MF1G
Starship | SN15 | High-Altitude Flight TestAs early as Wednesday, May 5, the SpaceX team will attempt a high-altitude flight test of Starship serial number 15 (SN15) – our fifth high-altitude flight test of a Starship prototype from Starbase in Texas. SN15 has vehicle improvements across structures, avionics and software, and the engines that will allow more speed and efficiency throughout production and flight: specifically, a new enhanced avionics suite, updated propellant architecture in the aft skirt, and a new Raptor engine design and configuration. Similar to previous high-altitude flight tests of Starship, SN15 will be powered through ascent by three Raptor engines, each shutting down in sequence prior to the vehicle reaching apogee – approximately 10 km in altitude. SN15 will perform a propellant transition to the internal header tanks, which hold landing propellant, before reorienting itself for reentry and a controlled aerodynamic descent. The Starship prototype will descend under active aerodynamic control, accomplished by independent movement of two forward and two aft flaps on the vehicle. All four flaps are actuated by an onboard flight computer to control Starship’s attitude during flight and enable precise landing at the intended location. SN15’s Raptor engines will then reignite as the vehicle attempts a landing flip maneuver immediately before touching down on the landing pad adjacent to the launch mount. A controlled aerodynamic descent with body flaps and vertical landing capability, combined with in-space refilling, are critical to landing Starship at destinations across the solar system where prepared surfaces or runways do not exist, and returning to Earth. This capability will enable a fully reusable transportation system designed to carry both crew and cargo on long-duration, interplanetary flights and help humanity return to the Moon, and travel to Mars and beyond. Given the dynamic schedule of development testing, stay tuned to our social media channels for updates as we move toward SpaceX’s fifth high-altitude flight test of Starship!
Monster Philly Cheesesteak Sandwich Challenge!!A&Z #944 - Randy Santel "Atlas" vs Main Street Philly's 2ft Long Monster Philly Cheesesteak Sandwich Challenge at the Main Street Philly restaurant location in Titusville, Florida on the Space Coast. Katina and I decided to kick off our 2021 food challenge touring in Florida, and our February Florida Tour turned into a February & March Florida Tour!! I attempted lots of food challenges all over the state of Florida. For challenge #25, I traveled to Main Street Philly located in Titusville, Florida on the Space Coast so I could attempt their 2ft Long Monster Philly Cheesesteak Sandwich Challenge. I had 55 minutes to finish two monster-sized authentic Philly cheesesteak sandwiches with over 4lbs of meat mixed with onions, peppers, and lots of melted white American cheese. It all came with 1lb of Sidewinder Fries and I was trying to win $50 in Main Street Philly gift certificates plus a sweet t-shirt and spot on the Titusville location's Wall of Fame. Thanks to everyone with Main Street Philly for the amazing food, drinks, and hospitality!! Thanks also to all the wonderful people who came up that afternoon to meet Katina and I!! We appreciate everyone in Titusville, FL and around Florida who watches videos and supports our efforts!! Nick's video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ue5zkx69Snw Nate's video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WUnZtoURTyo Michael's video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vuUqyroOYps Can professional eater Randy Santel finish this Monster Philly Cheesesteak Sandwich Challenge?? NEW FC SHIRTS, HATS, BEARS, and COMIC BOOKS STORE: https://www.randysantel.com/store SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER & EMAIL UPDATES: https://www.foodchallenges.com/subscribe CHECK OUT AND SUPPORT MY NEW PATREON PAGE: https://www.patreon.com/RandySantel Main Street Philly's 2ft Long Monster Philly Cheesesteak Sandwich Challenge in Titusville, FL ($25): - Main Street Philly now has 2 locations in Titusville, Florida and Port St John, Florida. - There is a 55 minute time limit to finish this challenge with 2 footlong cheesesteak sandwiches. - There is around 4lbs of authentic cheesesteak meat just like you would find in Philadelphia, PA. - The meat is all mixed with onions and peppers, topped with melted white American cheese. - Everything goes into two 14oz footlong freshly baked buns. This is why you must call ahead to schedule your challenge, so Main Street Philly can order your bread and have it ready for you. - The challenge includes 1lb of Sidewinder Fries and there are no additional drink requirements. - The challenge costs $25 to attempt, and you can also purchase the meal to share for just $50. - Winners receive $50 if gift cards to be used later plus a sweet t-shirt and spot on Wall of Fame. - Champions also receive 10% off future orders for life from both Main Street Philly locations. This video was filmed on Saturday, February 27, 2021 (2/27/2021). Check out our FoodChallenges.com YouTube Channel and How To Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/foodchallengesvideos FOLLOW & SUPPORT ME AS I DOMINATE FOOD CHALLENGES ACROSS THE GLOBE: PATREON: https://www.patreon.com/RandySantel T-SHIRTS: https://www.randysantel.com/store NEW WEBSITE: http://www.RandySantel.com NEWSLETTER: https://www.foodchallenges.com/subscribe FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/RandySantel INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/RandySantel TWITTER: https://www.twitter.com/RandySantel Main Street Philly's website: http://www.mainstreetphilly.com Main Street Philly's Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/mainstreetphilly WATCH SOME FOOD CHALLENGE VIDEOS FROM MY 2021 FLORIDA TOUR: 20" Sarasota Cheese Pizza: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzbuXoGDpN4 "Tour of Sicily" Sandwich: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTnkhrRnXGQ Pacific Island Challenge: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tAekUfxwfCM Massive Italian Cold Cut: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTF_8QU-V14 "Old World Italy" Challenge: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9djWGY9Rj64 "Mongo" Sarasota Burrito: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3uO5YXNk9uw Harry's "Favorites" Dinner: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vP7qtkzdMbE For Business Inquiries Only: Atlas [at] RandySantel.com Video Edited by Arthur Davis of EyeScope Productions: YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/EyeScopeFilms Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/eyescopeproductions Opening music by Chuki Beats "Nujabes" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WENSgKN5r1Q Challenge Music provided by Epidemic Sound "Tommy Gee" by Nikki Gee "Get Your Gloves On" by Def Lev Outro Music by Golden Drums "Funk Drum Loop 80 BMP" Looking for awesome music for your own social media videos? Check out Epidemic Sound and use this link to get your own 30 day free trial: http://share.epidemicsound.com/38jRVH Need help strengthening the video SEO and other weaker aspects of your YouTube channel? Use this link and check out TubeBuddy: https://www.tubebuddy.com/randysantel THANKS FOR SUBSCRIBING & ALL OF YOUR SUPPORT!!