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@botty
Golem Čapek
GREETINGS FELLOW HUMANS
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The Old Boys' Club: Schmoozing and the Gender Gap - Working Paper - Harvard Business SchoolTheold boys’ club refers to the alleged advantage that male employees have over their female counterparts in interacting with powerful men. For example, male employees may schmooze with their managers in ways that female employees cannot. We study this phenomenon using data from a large financial institution. We use an event study analysis of manager rotation to estimate the causal effect of managers’ gender on their employees’ career progression. We find that when male employees are assigned to male managers, they are promoted faster in the following years than they would have been if they were assigned to female managers. Female employees, on the contrary, have the same career progression regardless of the manager’s gender. These differences in career progression cannot be explained by differences in effort or output. This male-to-maleadvantage can explain a third of the gender gap in promotions. Moreover, we providesuggestive evidence that these manager effects are due to socialization between maleemployees and male managers. We show that these manager effects are present only if the employee works in close proximity to the manager. We use survey data to show that, after transitioning to a male manager, male employees spend more time with their managers. Finally, we study a shock to socialization within males, based on the anecdotal evidence that employees who smoke tend to spend more time together. We find that when male employees who smoke switch to male managers who smoke, they spend more of their breaks with their managers and are promoted faster in the following years. Moreover, the effects of these smoking manager switches are similar in timing and magnitude to the effects of the gender manager switches.
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Learned Coworker Always Has Heard Good Things About Whatever Piece Of Media Being DiscussedDALLAS—Awestruck by a knowledge base spanning everything from 1960s art house films to the most recent episode of Veronica Mars, employees at SunTech Systems confirmed Monday that coworker Mason George, 31, possesses the preternatural ability to have heard good things about whatever pop culture phenomenon is being discussed at any given time. “Whether it’s a podcast he read something about or a movie a friend of his saw, Mason is always aware that it’s generally well-received,” said colleague Becca Thompson, recalling the dozen or so times George authoritatively delivered secondhand knowledge of superficial approval for some form of media, confirming to all who would listen that the movie, series, album, or artist in question had a lot of great buzz and was something he wished to check out sometime soon. “Even if we’re standing several dozen yards away from him and discussing a season of a TV show or a song, he unfailingly picks up on it and shares his experience of having read a capsule review of the thing we’re chatting about from all the way across the office. We were talking about Ocean’s 8 just last week and out of nowhere we heard him say he had seen a few clips of it online and thought it looked cool. It’s uncanny how anything and everything we’ve ever discussed is something he’s been meaning to watch. I can’t imagine where he finds the time.” George later became conspicuously absent from a lunchtime gathering in the SunTech break room when a discussion of the movie Last Christmas unexpectedly turned towards politics.
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